Group rows

You can visually group rows that share the same value for a column, which may help to understand tables with repeating values.

You can use up to two levels of grouping (using the first column only, or the first two columns).

The groups of the first level can be made collapsible.

Also, there is the possibility to use only the first letter of the first column's values instead of the whole text, as a sort of index.

Now, as always, an example:

Nobel prize winners (up to 2010)

YearCategoryNameBirthdateBirth PlaceCountyField/Language
1901ChemistryJacobus Henricus van 't Hoff30 August 1852Rotterdamthe Netherlands Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1901LiteratureSully Prudhomme16 March 1839ParisFrance French
1901MedicineEmil Adolf von Behring15 March 1854Hansdorf (now Jankowa ?aga?ska)Prussia (now Poland)
1901PeaceFrédéric Passy20 May 1822ParisFrance Humanitarian work, peace movement
1901PeaceJean Henry Dunant8 May 1828GenevaSwitzerland Humanitarian work, peace movement
1901PhysicsWilhelm Conrad Röntgen27 March 1845Lennep (now Remscheid)Prussia (now Germany) X-rays, atomic physics
1902ChemistryHermann Emil Fischer9 October 1852EuskirchenPrussia (now Germany) Organic chemistry
1902LiteratureChristian Matthias Theodor Mommsen30 November 1817GardingSchleswig (now Germany) German
1902MedicineRonald Ross13 May 1857AlmoraIndia
1902PeaceCharles Albert Gobat21 May 1843TramelanSwitzerland Peace movement
1902PeaceÉlie Ducommun19 February 1833GenevaSwitzerland Peace movement
1902PhysicsHendrik Antoon Lorentz18 July 1853Arnhemthe Netherlands Atomic physics, quantum physics
1902PhysicsPieter Zeeman25 May 1865Zonnemairethe Netherlands Atomic physics, quantum physics
1903ChemistrySvante August Arrhenius19 February 1859VikSweden Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1903LiteratureBjørnstjerne Martinus Bjørnson8 December 1832KvikneNorway Norwegian
1903MedicineNiels Ryberg Finsen15 December 1860ThorshavnFaroe Islands
1903PeaceWilliam Randal Cremer18 March 1828FarehamUnited Kingdom Peace movement, world organizing
1903PhysicsAntoine Henri Becquerel15 December 1852ParisFrance Nuclear physics
1903PhysicsMarie Curie, née Sklodowska7 November 1867WarsawRussian Empire (now Poland) Nuclear physics
1903PhysicsPierre Curie15 May 1859ParisFrance Nuclear physics
1904ChemistrySir William Ramsay2 October 1852GlasgowScotland Inorganic chemistry, nuclear chemistry
1904LiteratureFrédéric Mistral8 September 1830MaillaneFrance Occitan
1904LiteratureJosé Echegaray y Eizaguirre19 April 1832MadridSpain Spanish
1904MedicineIvan Petrovich Pavlov14 September 1849RyazanRussia
1904PeaceInstitut de droit international (Institute of International Law)1873 in GhentBelgium Peace movement, world organizing
1904PhysicsLord Rayleigh (John William Strutt)12 November 1842Langford Grove Maldon EssexUnited Kingdom Gas physics, molecular physics
1905ChemistryJohann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer31 October 1835BerlinPrussia (now Germany) Organic chemistry, industrial chemistry
1905LiteratureHenryk Sienkiewicz5 May 1846Wola OkrzejskaPoland Polish
1905MedicineRobert Koch11 December 1843Clausthal (now Clausthal-Zellerfeld)Germany
1905PeaceBaroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner, née Countess Kinsky von Chinic und Tettau9 June 1843PragueAustrian Empire (now Czech Republic) Peace movement
1905PhysicsPhilipp Eduard Anton von Lenard7 June 1862Pressburg (now Bratislava)Hungary (now Slovakia) Atomic physics
1906ChemistryHenri Moissan28 September 1852ParisFrance Inorganic chemistry, nuclear chemistry
1906LiteratureGiosuè Carducci27 July 1835Val di CastelloTuscany (now Italy) Italian
1906MedicineCamillo Golgi7 July 1843CortenoItaly
1906MedicineSantiago Ramón y Cajal1 May 1852Petilla de AragóSpain
1906PeaceTheodore Roosevelt27 October 1858New York NYUSA Negotiation
1906PhysicsJoseph John Thomson18 December 1856Cheetham Hill near ManchesterUnited Kingdom Atomic physics
1907ChemistryEduard Buchner20 May 1860MunichBavaria (now Germany) Biochemistry
1907LiteratureRudyard Kipling30 December 1865BombayBritish India English
1907MedicineCharles Louis Alphonse Laveran18 June 1845ParisFrance
1907PeaceErnesto Teodoro Moneta20 September 1833MilanAustrian Empire (now Italy) Peace movement, world organizing
1907PeaceLouis Renault21 May 1843AutunFrance Peace movement, world organizing
1907PhysicsAlbert Abraham Michelson19 December 1852Strelno (now Strzelno)Prussia (now Poland) Optical physics, electromagnetism
1908ChemistryErnest Rutherford31 August 1871NelsonNew Zealand Nuclear chemistry
1908LiteratureRudolf Christoph Eucken5 January 1846AurichEast Friesland (now Germany) German
1908MedicineIlya Ilyich Mechnikov16 May 1845Kharkov (now Kharkiv)Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
1908MedicinePaul Ehrlich14 March 1854Strehlen (now Strzelin)Prussia (now Poland)
1908PeaceFredrik Bajer21 April 1837NæstvedDenmark Peace movement
1908PeaceKlas Pontus Arnoldson27 October 1844GothenburgSweden Peace movement
1908PhysicsGabriel Lippmann16 August 1845HollerichLuxembourg Optical physics, applied optical physics
1909ChemistryWilhelm Ostwald2 September 1853Riga LatviaRussian Empire Physical chemistry
1909LiteratureSelma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf20 November 1858MårbackaSweden Swedish
1909MedicineEmil Theodor Kocher25 August 1841BerneSwitzerland
1909PeaceAuguste Marie François Beernaert26 July 1829OstendBelgium Peace movement, world organizing
1909PhysicsGuglielmo Marconi25 April 1874BolognaItaly Electromagnetism, applied electromagnetism
1909PhysicsKarl Ferdinand Braun6 June 1850FuldaHesse-Kassel (now Germany) Electromagnetism, applied electromagnetism
1910ChemistryOtto Wallach27 March 1847Koenigsberg (now Kaliningrad)Germany (now Russia) Organic chemistry, industrial chemistry
1910LiteraturePaul Johann Ludwig Heyse15 March 1830BerlinPrussia (now Germany) German
1910MedicineAlbrecht Kossel16 September 1853RostockMecklenburg (now Germany)
1910PeaceBureau international permanent de la Paix (Permanent International Peace Bureau)1891 in BerneSwitzerland Peace movement
1910PhysicsJohannes Diderik van der Waals23 November 1837Leidenthe Netherlands Gas physics, molecular physics
1911ChemistryMarie Curie, née Sklodowska7 November 1867WarsawRussian Empire (now Poland) Nuclear chemistry
1911LiteratureCount Maurice (Mooris) Polidore Marie Bernhard Maeterlinck29 August 1862GhentBelgium French
1911MedicineAllvar Gullstrand5 June 1862LandskronaSweden
1911PeaceAlfred Hermann Fried11 November 1864ViennaAustria
1911PeaceTobias Michael Carel Asser28 April 1838Amsterdamthe Netherlands Peace movement
1911PhysicsWilhelm Wien13 January 1864Gaffken (now Parusnoye)Prussia (now Russia) Electromagnetism
1912ChemistryPaul Sabatier5 November 1854CarcassonneFrance Organic chemistry
1912ChemistryVictor Grignard6 May 1871CherbourgFrance Organic chemistry
1912LiteratureGerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann15 November 1862Bad SalzbrunnPrussia (now Germany) German
1912MedicineAlexis Carrel28 June 1873Sainte-Foy-lès-LyonFrance
1912PeaceElihu Root15 February 1845Clinton NYUSA Negotiation
1912PhysicsNils Gustaf Dalén30 November 1869StenstorpSweden Mechanics, applied mechanics
1913ChemistryAlfred Werner12 December 1866MulhouseFrance Inorganic chemistry
1913LiteratureRabindranath Tagore7 May 1861CalcuttaIndia Bengali and English
1913MedicineCharles Robert Richet26 August 1850ParisFrance
1913PeaceHenri La Fontaine22 April 1854BrusselsBelgium Peace movement
1913PhysicsHeike Kamerlingh Onnes21 September 1853Groningenthe Netherlands Superconductivity
1914ChemistryTheodore William Richards31 January 1868Germantown PAUSA Physical chemistry
1914MedicineRobert Bárány22 April 1876ViennaAustria
1914PhysicsMax von Laue9 October 1879PfaffendorfGermany Atomic physics, interferometry
1915ChemistryRichard Martin Willstätter13 August 1872KarlsruheGermany Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1915LiteratureRomain Rolland29 January 1866ClamecyFrance French
1915PhysicsSir William Henry Bragg2 July 1862WigtonUnited Kingdom Crystallography, X-rays
1915PhysicsWilliam Lawrence Bragg31 March 1890AdelaideAustralia Crystallography, X-rays
1916LiteratureCarl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam6 July 1859OlshammarSweden Swedish
1917LiteratureHenrik Pontoppidan24 July 1857FredericiaDenmark Danish
1917LiteratureKarl Adolph Gjellerup2 June 1857RoholteDenmark Danish
1917PeaceComité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross)1863 in GenevaSwitzerland Humanitarian work
1917PhysicsCharles Glover Barkla7 June 1877WidnesUnited Kingdom Atomic physics
1918ChemistryFritz Haber9 December 1868Breslau (now Wroclaw)Prussia (now Poland) Inorganic chemistry, industrial chemistry
1918PhysicsMax Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck23 April 1858KielSchleswig (now Germany) Quantum mechanics
1919LiteratureCarl Friedrich Georg Spitteler24 April 1845LiestalSwitzerland German
1919MedicineJules Bordet13 June 1870SoigniesBelgium
1919PeaceThomas Woodrow Wilson28 December 1856Staunton VAUSA World organizing
1919PhysicsJohannes Stark15 April 1874SchickenhofGermany Atomic physics
1920ChemistryWalther Hermann Nernst25 June 1864BriesenPrussia (now Germany) Physical chemistry, chemical thermodynamics
1920LiteratureKnut Pedersen Hamsun4 August 1895LomNorway Norwegian
1920MedicineSchack August Steenberg Krogh15 November 1874GrenåDenmark
1920PeaceLéon Victor Auguste Bourgeois21 May 1851ParisFrance World organizing
1920PhysicsCharles Edouard Guillaume15 February 1861FleurierSwitzerland Metals
1921ChemistryFrederick Soddy2 September 1877EastbourneUnited Kingdom Nuclear chemistry
1921LiteratureAnatole France16 April 1844ParisFrance French
1921PeaceChristian Lous Lange17 September 1869StavangerNorway Peace movement
1921PeaceKarl Hjalmar Branting23 November 1860StockholmSweden World organizing, peace movement
1921PhysicsAlbert Einstein14 March 1879UlmGermany Theoretical physics
1922ChemistryFrancis William Aston1 September 1877HarborneUnited Kingdom Physical chemistry
1922LiteratureJacinto Benavente12 August 1866MadridSpain Spanish
1922MedicineArchibald Vivian Hill26 September 1886BristolUnited Kingdom
1922MedicineOtto Fritz Meyerhof12 April 1884HanoverGermany
1922PeaceFridtjof Nansen10 October 1861Kristiania (now Oslo)Norway Humanitarian work
1922PhysicsNiels Henrik David Bohr7 October 1885CopenhagenDenmark Theoretical nuclear physics
1923ChemistryFritz Pregl3 September 1869Laibach (now Ljubljana)Austria-Hungary (now Slovenia) Analytical chemistry
1923LiteratureWilliam Butler Yeats13 June 1865DublinIreland English
1923MedicineFrederick Grant Banting14 November 1891AllistonCanada
1923MedicineJohn James Rickard Macleod6 September 1876ClunyScotland
1923PhysicsRobert Andrews Millikan22 March 1868Morrison ILUSA Particle physics, electromagnetism
1924LiteratureWladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont7 May 1867Kobiele WielkieRussian Empire (now Poland) Polish
1924MedicineWillem Einthoven21 May 1860Semarang JavaDutch East Indies (now Indonesia)
1924PhysicsKarl Manne Georg Siegbahn3 December 1886LundSweden Atomic physics
1925ChemistryRichard Adolf Zsigmondy1 April 1865ViennaAustrian Empire (now Austria) Physical chemistry, colloidal chemistry
1925LiteratureGeorge Bernard Shaw26 July 1856DublinIreland English
1925PeaceCharles Gates Dawes27 August 1865Marietta OHUSA Negotiation
1925PeaceSir Austen Chamberlain16 October 1863BirminghamUnited Kingdom Negotiation
1925PhysicsGustav Ludwig Hertz22 July 1887HamburgGermany Atomic physics
1925PhysicsJames Franck26 August 1882HamburgGermany Atomic physics
1926ChemistryThe (Theodor) Svedberg30 August 1884FlerängSweden Physical chemistry, colloidal chemistry
1926LiteratureGrazia Deledda27 September 1871Nuoro SardiniaItaly Italian
1926MedicineJohannes Andreas Grib Fibiger23 April 1867SilkeborgDenmark
1926PeaceAristide Briand28 March 1862NantesFrance Negotiation
1926PeaceGustav Stresemann10 May 1878BerlinGermany Negotiation
1926PhysicsJean Baptiste Perrin30 September 1870LilleFrance Molecular physics
1927ChemistryHeinrich Otto Wieland4 June 1877PforzheimGermany Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1927LiteratureHenri Bergson18 October 1859ParisFrance French
1927MedicineJulius Wagner-Jauregg7 March 1857WelsAustria
1927PeaceFerdinand Buisson20 December 1841ParisFrance Negotiation, peace movement
1927PeaceLudwig Quidde23 March 1858BremenGermany Negotiation, peace movement
1927PhysicsArthur Holly Compton10 September 1892Wooster OHUSA Atomic physics
1927PhysicsCharles Thomson Rees Wilson14 February 1869GlencorseScotland Instrumentation
1928ChemistryAdolf Otto Reinhold Windaus25 December 1876BerlinGermany Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1928LiteratureSigrid Undset20 May 1882KalundborgDenmark Norwegian
1928MedicineCharles Jules Henri Nicolle21 September 1866RouenFrance
1928PhysicsOwen Willans Richardson26 April 1879DewsburyUnited Kingdom Electromagnetism
1929ChemistryArthur Harden12 October 1865ManchesterUnited Kingdom Biochemistry
1929ChemistryHans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin15 February 1873AugsburgGermany Biochemistry
1929LiteratureThomas Mann6 June 1875LübeckGermany German
1929MedicineChristiaan Eijkman11 August 1858Nijkerkthe Netherlands
1929MedicineSir Frederick Gowland Hopkins20 June 1861EastbourneUnited Kingdom
1929PeaceFrank Billings Kellogg22 December 1856Potsdam NYUSA Negotiation
1929PhysicsPrince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie15 August 1892DieppeFrance Quantum mechanics
1930ChemistryHans Fischer27 July 1881HoechstGermany Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1930LiteratureSinclair Lewis7 February 1885Sauk Centre MNUSA English
1930MedicineKarl Landsteiner14 June 1868ViennaAustrian Empire (now Austria)
1930PeaceLars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Söderblom15 January 1866TrönöSweden Peace movement
1930PhysicsSir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman7 November 1888TrichinopolyIndia Atomic physics, electromagnetism
1931ChemistryCarl Bosch27 August 1874CologneGermany Industrial chemistry
1931ChemistryFriedrich Bergius11 October 1884Goldschmieden near BreslauGermany (now Poland) Industrial chemistry
1931LiteratureErik Axel Karlfeldt20 July 1864KarlboSweden Swedish
1931MedicineOtto Heinrich Warburg8 October 1883Freiburg im BreisgauGermany
1931PeaceJane Addams6 September 1860Cedarville ILUSA Peace movement
1931PeaceNicholas Murray Butler2 April 1862Elizabeth NJUSA Negotiation, peace movement
1932ChemistryIrving Langmuir31 January 1881Brooklyn NYUSA Physical chemistry
1932LiteratureJohn Galsworthy14 August 1867Kingston HillUnited Kingdom English
1932MedicineEdgar Douglas Adrian30 November 1889LondonUnited Kingdom
1932MedicineSir Charles Scott Sherrington27 November 1857LondonUnited Kingdom
1932PhysicsWerner Karl Heisenberg5-Dec-01WürzburgGermany Quantum mechanics
1933LiteratureIvan Alekseyevich Bunin22 October 1870VoronezhRussia Russian
1933MedicineThomas Hunt Morgan25 September 1866Lexington KYUSA
1933PeaceSir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane)26 December 1873HolbeachUnited Kingdom Peace movement, arms control and disarmament
1933PhysicsErwin Schrödinger12 August 1887ViennaAustria Quantum mechanics
1933PhysicsPaul Adrien Maurice Dirac8-Aug-02BristolUnited Kingdom Quantum mechanics
1934ChemistryHarold Clayton Urey29 April 1893Walkerton INUSA Physical chemistry, nuclear chemistry
1934LiteratureLuigi Pirandello28 June 1867Agrigento SicilyItaly Italian
1934MedicineGeorge Hoyt Whipple28 August 1878Ashland NHUSA
1934MedicineGeorge Richards Minot2 December 1885Boston MAUSA
1934MedicineWilliam Parry Murphy6 February 1892Stoughton WIUSA
1934PeaceArthur Henderson13 September 1863GlasgowScotland World organizing, arms control and disarmament
1935ChemistryFrédéric Joliot19-Mar-00ParisFrance Nuclear chemistry
1935ChemistryIrène Joliot-Curie12 September 1897ParisFrance Nuclear chemistry
1935MedicineHans Spemann27 June 1869StuttgartWürttemberg (now Germany)
1935PeaceCarl von Ossietzky3 October 1889HamburgGermany Human rights, arms control and disarmament
1935PhysicsJames Chadwick20 October 1891ManchesterUnited Kingdom Nuclear physics
1936ChemistryPetrus (Peter) Josephus Wilhelmus Debye24 March 1884Maastrichtthe Netherlands Physical chemistry, structural chemistry
1936LiteratureEugene Gladstone O'Neill16 October 1888New York NYUSA English
1936MedicineOtto Loewi3 June 1873Frankfurt-on-the-MainGermany
1936MedicineSir Henry Hallett Dale9 June 1875LondonUnited Kingdom
1936PeaceCarlos Saavedra Lamas1 November 1878Buenos AiresArgentina Negotiation
1936PhysicsCarl David Anderson3-Sep-05New York NYUSA Particle physics
1936PhysicsVictor Franz Hess24 June 1883FrauenfeldSwitzerland Astrophysics, cosmic radiation
1937ChemistryPaul Karrer21 April 1889MoscowRussia Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1937ChemistryWalter Norman Haworth19 March 1883ChorleyUnited Kingdom Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1937LiteratureRoger Martin du Gard23 March 1881Neuilly-sur-SeineFrance French
1937MedicineAlbert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrápolt16 September 1893BudapestAustria-Hungary (now Hungary)
1937PeaceCecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil)14 September 1864LondonUnited Kingdom World organizing, peace movement
1937PhysicsClinton Joseph Davisson22 October 1881Bloomington ILUSA Electromagnetism, christallography
1937PhysicsGeorge Paget Thomson3 May 1892CambridgeUnited Kingdom Electromagnetism, christallography
1938ChemistryRichard Kuhn3-Dec-00ViennaAustria-Hungary Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1938LiteraturePearl Buck26 June 1892Hillsboro WVUSA English
1938MedicineCorneille Jean François Heymans28 March 1892GhentBelgium
1938PeaceOffice international Nansen pour les Réfugiés (Nansen International Office for Refugees)1921 in GenevaSwitzerland. Humanitarian work
1938PhysicsEnrico Fermi29-Sep-01RomeItaly Nuclear physics
1939ChemistryAdolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt24-Mar-03Bremerhaven-LeheGermany Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1939ChemistryLeopold Ruzicka13 September 1887VukovarAustria-Hungary (now Croatia) Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1939LiteratureFrans Eemil Sillanpää16 September 1888HämeenkyröRussian Empire (now Finland) Finnish
1939MedicineGerhard Domagk30 October 1895LagowGermany
1939PhysicsErnest Orlando Lawrence8-Aug-01Canton SDUSA Accelerator physics, instrumentation
1943ChemistryGeorge de Hevesy1 August 1885BudapestAustria-Hungary (now Hungary) Inorganic chemistry, nuclear chemistry
1943MedicineEdward Adelbert Doisy13 November 1893Hume ILUSA
1943MedicineHenrik Carl Peter Dam21 February 1895CopenhagenDenmark
1943PhysicsOtto Stern17 February 1888Sorau (now Zory)Germany (now Poland) Nuclear physics
1944ChemistryOtto Hahn8 March 1879Frankfurt-on-the-MainGermany Nuclear chemistry
1944LiteratureJohannes Vilhelm Jensen20 January 1873FarsøDenmark Danish
1944MedicineHerbert Spencer Gasser5 July 1888Platteville WIUSA
1944MedicineJoseph Erlanger5 January 1874San Francisco CAUSA
1944PeaceComité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross)1863 in GenevaSwitzerland Humanitarian work
1944PhysicsIsidor Isaac Rabi29 July 1898RymanowAustria-Hungary (now Poland) Nuclear physics
1945ChemistryArtturi Ilmari Virtanen15 January 1895HelsinkiRussian Empire (now Finland) Agricultural chemistry
1945LiteratureGabriela Mistral7 April 1889VicuñaChile Spanish
1945MedicineErnst Boris Chain19-Jun-06BerlinGermany
1945MedicineSir Alexander Fleming6 August 1881LochfieldScotland
1945MedicineSir Howard Walter Florey24 September 1898AdelaideAustralia
1945PeaceCordell Hull2 October 1871Olympus TNUSA World organizing
1945PhysicsWolfgang Pauli25-Apr-00ViennaAustria Quantum mechanics
1946ChemistryJames Batcheller Sumner19 November 1887Canton MAUSA Biochemistry
1946ChemistryJohn Howard Northrop5 July 1891Yonkers NYUSA Biochemistry
1946ChemistryWendell Meredith Stanley16-Aug-04Ridgeville INUSA Biochemistry
1946LiteratureHermann Hesse2 July 1877CalwGermany German
1946MedicineHermann Joseph Muller
1946PeaceEmily Greene Balch8 January 1867Jamaica Plain MA (now Boston)USA Peace movement
1946PeaceJohn Raleigh Mott25 May 1865Livingston Manor NYUSA
1946PhysicsPercy Williams Bridgman21 April 1882Cambridge MAUSA Material physics
1947ChemistrySir Robert Robinson13 September 1886Rufford near ChesterfieldUnited Kingdom Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1947LiteratureAndré Paul Guillaume Gide22 November 1869ParisFrance French
1947MedicineBernardo Alberto Houssay10 April 1887Buenos AiresArgentina
1947MedicineCarl Ferdinand Cori5 December 1896PragueAustria-Hungary (now Czech Republic)
1947MedicineGerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz15 August 1896PragueAustria-Hungary (now Czech Republic)
1947PeaceAmerican Friends Service Committee (The Quakers)1917 in WashingtonDCUSA Peace movement
1947PeaceFriends Service Council (The Quakers)1647 in LondonUnited Kingdom Humanitarian work, peace movement
1947PhysicsSir Edward Victor Appleton6 September 1892BradfordUnited Kingdom Space physics, electromagnetism
1948ChemistryArne Wilhelm Kaurin Tiselius10-Aug-02StockholmSweden Physical chemistry analytical biochemistry
1948LiteratureThomas Stearns Eliot26 September 1888St. Louis MOUSA English
1948MedicinePaul Hermann Müller12 January 1899OltenSwitzerland
1948PhysicsPatrick Maynard Stuart Blackett18 November 1897LondonUnited Kingdom Particle physics
1949ChemistryWilliam Francis Giauque12 May 1895Niagara FallsCanada Physical chemistry, chemical thermodynamics
1949LiteratureWilliam Faulkner25 September 1897New Albany MOUSA English
1949MedicineAntonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz29 November 1874AvançaPortugal
1949MedicineWalter Rudolf Hess17 March 1881FrauenfeldSwitzerland
1949PeaceLord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin23 September 1880KilmaursScotland Humanitarian work, world organizing
1949PhysicsHideki Yukawa23-Jan-07TokyoJapan Quantum mechanics
1950ChemistryKurt Alder10-Jul-02Königshütte (now Chorzów)Prussia (now Poland) Organic chemistry
1950ChemistryOtto Paul Hermann Diels23 January 1876HamburgGermany Organic chemistry
1950LiteratureEarl (Bertrand Arthur William) Russell18 May 1872TrelleckUnited Kingdom English
1950MedicineEdward Calvin Kendall8 March 1886South Norwalk CTUSA
1950MedicinePhilip Showalter Hench28 February 1896Pittsburgh PAUSA
1950MedicineTadeus Reichstein20 July 1897WloclawekPoland
1950PeaceRalph Bunche7-Aug-04Detroit MIUSA Negotiation
1950PhysicsCecil Frank Powell5-Dec-03TonbridgeUnited Kingdom Particle physics
1951ChemistryEdwin Mattison McMillan18-Sep-07Redondo Beach CAUSA Nuclear chemistry
1951ChemistryGlenn Theodore Seaborg19-Apr-12Ishpeming MIUSA Nuclear chemistry
1951LiteraturePär Fabian Lagerkvist23 May 1891VäxjöSweden Swedish
1951MedicineMax Theiler30 January 1899PretoriaSouth Africa
1951PeaceLéon Jouhaux1 July 1879ParisFrance World organizing, human rights
1951PhysicsErnest Thomas Sinton Walton6-Oct-03DungarvanIreland Accelerator physics, nuclear physics
1951PhysicsSir John Douglas Cockcroft27 May 1897TodmordenUnited Kingdom Accelerator physics, nuclear physics
1952ChemistryArcher John Porter Martin1-Mar-10LondonUnited Kingdom Analytical chemistry
1952ChemistryRichard Laurence Millington Synge28-Oct-14LiverpoolUnited Kingdom Analytical chemistry
1952LiteratureFrançois Mauriac11 October 1885BordeauxFrance French
1952MedicineSelman Abraham Waksman22 July 1888Priluka (now Pryluky)Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
1952PeaceAlbert Schweitzer14 January 1875KaysersbergGermany (now France) Humanitarian work
1952PhysicsEdward Mills Purcell30-Aug-12Taylorville ILUSA Nuclear physics
1952PhysicsFelix Bloch23-Oct-05ZurichSwitzerland Nuclear physics
1953ChemistryHermann Staudinger23 March 1881WormsGermany Polymer chemistry
1953LiteratureSir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill30 November 1874WoodstockUnited Kingdom English
1953MedicineFritz Albert Lipmann12 June 1899Koenigsberg (now Kaliningrad)Germany (now Russia)
1953MedicineHans Adolf Krebs25-Aug-00HildesheimGermany
1953PeaceGeorge Catlett Marshall31 December 1880Uniontown PAUSA Humanitarian work, world organizing
1953PhysicsFrits (Frederik) Zernike16 July 1888Amsterdamthe Netherlands Optical physics
1954ChemistryLinus Carl Pauling28-Feb-01Portland ORUSA Theoretical chemistry, chemical bonding
1954LiteratureErnest Miller Hemingway21 July 1899Oak Park ILUSA English
1954MedicineFrederick Chapman Robbins25-Aug-16Auburn ALUSA
1954MedicineJohn Franklin Enders10 February 1897West Hartford CTUSA
1954MedicineThomas Huckle Weller15-Jun-15Ann Arbor MIUSA
1954PeaceOffice of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)1951 in GenevaSwitzerland Humanitarian work
1954PhysicsMax Born11 December 1882Breslau (now Wroclaw)Germany (now Poland) Quantum mechanics
1954PhysicsWalther Bothe8 January 1891OranienburgGermany Instrumentation
1955ChemistryVincent du Vigneaud18-May-01Chicago ILUSA Biochemistry
1955LiteratureHalldór Kiljan Laxness23-Apr-02ReykjavikIceland Icelandic
1955MedicineAxel Hugo Theodor Theorell6-Jul-03LinköpingSweden
1955PhysicsPolykarp Kusch26-Jan-11BlankenburgGermany Nuclear physics
1955PhysicsWillis Eugene Lamb12-Jul-13Los Angeles CAUSA Atomic physics
1956ChemistryNikolay Nikolaevich Semenov3 April 1896SaratovRussia Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1956ChemistrySir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood19 May 1897LondonUnited Kingdom Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1956LiteratureJuan Ramón Jiménez24 December 1881MichelenaVenezuela Spanish
1956MedicineAndré Frédéric Cournand24 September 1895ParisFrance
1956MedicineDickinson W. Richards30 October 1895Orange NJUSA
1956MedicineWerner Forssmann29-Aug-04BerlinGermany
1956PhysicsJohn Bardeen23-May-08Madison WIUSA Semiconductor technology, instrumentation
1956PhysicsWalter Houser Brattain10-Feb-02AmoyChina Semiconductor technology, instrumentation
1956PhysicsWilliam Bradford Shockley13-Feb-10LondonUnited Kingdom Semiconductor technology, instrumentation
1957ChemistryLord (Alexander R.) Todd2-Oct-07GlasgowScotland Biochemistry
1957LiteratureAlbert Camus7-Nov-13MondoviAlgeria French
1957MedicineDaniel Bovet23-Mar-07NeuchâtelSwitzerland
1957PeaceLester Bowles Pearson23 April 1897TorontoCanada Negotiation, world organizing
1957PhysicsChen Ning Yang22-Sep-22Hofei AnhweiChina Particle physics
1957PhysicsTsung-Dao (T.D.) Lee24-Nov-26ShanghaiChina Particle physics
1958ChemistryFrederick Sanger13-Aug-18RendcombeUnited Kingdom Biochemistry
1958LiteratureBoris Leonidovich Pasternak10 February 1890MoscowRussia Russian
1958MedicineEdward Lawrie Tatum14-Dec-09Boulder COUSA
1958MedicineGeorge Wells Beadle22-Oct-03Wahoo NEUSA
1958MedicineJoshua Lederberg23-May-25Montclair NJUSA
1958PeaceGeorges Pire10-Feb-10DinantBelgium Humanitarian work
1958PhysicsIgor Yevgenyevich Tamm8 July 1895VladivostokRussia Electromagnetism
1958PhysicsIl´ja Mikhailovich Frank
1958PhysicsPavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov28-Jul-04Novaya ChiglaRussia Electromagnetism, instrumentation
1959ChemistryJaroslav Heyrovsky20 December 1890PragueHungarian Empire (now Czech Republic) Analytical chemistry
1959LiteratureSalvatore Quasimodo20-Aug-01ModicaItaly Italian
1959MedicineArthur Kornberg3-Mar-18Brooklyn NYUSA
1959MedicineSevero Ochoa24-Sep-05LuarcaSpain
1959PeacePhilip J. Noel-Baker1 November 1889LondonUnited Kingdom Arms control and disarmament, world organizing
1959PhysicsEmilio Gino Segrè1-Feb-05TivoliItaly Particle physics
1959PhysicsOwen Chamberlain10-Jul-20BirminghamUnited Kingdom Particle physics
1960ChemistryWillard Frank Libby17-Dec-08Grand Valley COUSA Nuclear chemistry
1960LiteratureSaint-John Perse31 May 1887Saint-Léger-les-FeuillesGuadeloupe Island French
1960MedicinePeter Brian Medawar28-Feb-15Rio de JaneiroBrazil
1960MedicineSir Frank Macfarlane Burnet3 September 1899TraralgonAustralia
1960PeaceAlbert John Lutuli0 1898BulawayoSouthern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) Human rights
1960PhysicsDonald Arthur Glaser21-Sep-26Cleveland OHUSA Instrumentation
1961ChemistryMelvin Calvin8-Apr-11St. Paul MNUSA Biochemistry
1961LiteratureIvo Andric10 October 1892DolacBosnia Serbo-Croatian
1961MedicineGeorg von Békésy3 June 1899BudapestHungary
1961PeaceDag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld29-Jul-05JönköpingSweden Negotiation
1961PhysicsRobert Hofstadter5-Feb-15New York NYUSA Nuclear physics
1961PhysicsRudolf Ludwig Mössbauer31-Jan-29MunichGermany Nuclear physics
1962ChemistryJohn Cowdery Kendrew24-Mar-17OxfordUnited Kingdom Biochemistry, structural chemistry
1962ChemistryMax Ferdinand Perutz19-May-14ViennaAustria Biochemistry, structural chemistry
1962LiteratureJohn Steinbeck27-Feb-02Salinas CAUSA English
1962MedicineFrancis Harry Compton Crick8-Jun-16NorthamptonUnited Kingdom
1962MedicineJames Dewey Watson6-Apr-28Chicago ILUSA
1962MedicineMaurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins15-Dec-16PongaroaNew Zealand
1962PeaceLinus Carl Pauling28-Feb-01Portland ORUSA Arms control and disarmament
1962PhysicsLev Davidovich Landau22-Jan-08BakuRussian Empire (now Azerbaijan) Condensed matter physics, superfluidity
1963ChemistryGiulio Natta26-Feb-03ImperiaItaly Polymer chemistry, industrial chemistry
1963ChemistryKarl Ziegler26 November 1898HelsaGermany Polymer chemistry, industrial chemistry
1963LiteratureGiorgos Seferis13-Mar-00Smyrna (now Izmir)Ottoman Empire (now Turkey) Greek
1963MedicineAlan Lloyd Hodgkin5-Feb-14BanburyUnited Kingdom
1963MedicineAndrew Fielding Huxley22-Nov-17HampsteadUnited Kingdom
1963MedicineSir John Carew Eccles27-Jan-03MelbourneAustralia
1963PeaceComité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross)1863 in GenevaSwitzerland Humanitarian work
1963PeaceLigue des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge (League of Red Cross Societies)1919 in ParisFrance Humanitarian work
1963PhysicsEugene Paul Wigner17-Nov-02BudapestAustria-Hungary Nuclear physics, particle physics
1963PhysicsJ. Hans D. Jensen25-Jun-07HamburgGermany Nuclear physics
1963PhysicsMaria Goeppert-Mayer28-Jun-06Kattowitz (now Katowice)Germany (now Poland)
1964ChemistryDorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin12-May-10CairoEgypt Biochemistry, structural chemistry
1964LiteratureJean-Paul Sartre21-Jun-05ParisFrance French
1964MedicineFeodor Lynen6-Apr-11MunichGermany
1964MedicineKonrad Bloch21-Jan-12Neisse (now Nysa)Germany (now Poland)
1964PeaceMartin Luther King Jr.15-Jan-29Atlanta GAUSA Human rights
1964PhysicsAleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov11-Jul-16AthertonAustralia Quantum electrodynamics, optical physics
1964PhysicsCharles Hard Townes28-Jul-15Greenville SCUSA Quantum electrodynamics, optical physics
1964PhysicsNicolay Gennadiyevich Basov14-Dec-22Usman RussiaSoviet Union Quantum electrodynamics, optical physics
1965ChemistryRobert Burns Woodward10-Apr-17Boston MAUSA Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
1965LiteratureMikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov24-Jun-05VeshenskayaRussia Russian
1965MedicineAndré Lwoff8-May-02Ainay-le-ChâteauFrance
1965MedicineFrançois Jacob17-Jun-20NancyFrance
1965MedicineJacques Monod9-Feb-10ParisFrance
1965PeaceUnited Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)1946 in New YorkNYUSA Humanitarian work
1965PhysicsJulian Schwinger12-Feb-18New York NYUSA Quantum mechanics, quantum electrodynamics
1965PhysicsRichard P. Feynman11-May-18New York NYUSA Quantum mechanics, quantum electrodynamics
1965PhysicsSin-Itiro Tomonaga31-Mar-06KyotoJapan Quantum mechanics, quantum electrodynamics
1966ChemistryRobert S. Mulliken7 July 1896Newburyport MAUSA Theoretical chemistry, chemical bonding
1966LiteratureNelly Sachs10 December 1891BerlinGermany German
1966LiteratureShmuel Yosef Agnon17 July 1888Buczacz (now Buchach)Austria-Hungary (now Ukraine) Hebrew
1966MedicineCharles Brenton Huggins22-Sep-01HalifaxCanada
1966MedicinePeyton Rous5 October 1879Baltimore MDUSA
1966PhysicsAlfred Kastler3-May-02GuebwillerGermany (now France) Optical physics
1967ChemistryGeorge Porter6-Dec-20StainforthUnited Kingdom Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1967ChemistryManfred Eigen9-May-27BochumGermany Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1967ChemistryRonald George Wreyford Norrish9 November 1897CambridgeUnited Kingdom Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1967LiteratureMiguel Angel Asturias19 October 1899Guatemala CityGuatemala Spanish
1967MedicineGeorge Wald18-Nov-06New York NYUSA
1967MedicineHaldan Keffer Hartline22-Dec-03Bloomsburg PAUSA
1967MedicineRagnar Granit30-Oct-00HelsinkiFinland
1967PhysicsHans Albrecht Bethe2-Jul-06Strassburg (now Strasbourg)Germany (now France) Astrophysics
1968ChemistryLars Onsager27-Nov-03Kristiania (now Oslo)Norway Physical chemistry, chemical thermodynamics
1968LiteratureYasunari Kawabata11 June 1899OsakaJapan Japanese
1968MedicineHar Gobind Khorana9-Jan-22RaipurIndia
1968MedicineMarshall W. Nirenberg10-Apr-27New York NYUSA
1968MedicineRobert W. Holley28-Jan-22Urbana ILUSA
1968PeaceRené Cassin5 October 1887BayonneFrance Human rights
1968PhysicsLuis Walter Alvarez13-Jun-11San Francisco CAUSA Particle physics
1969ChemistryDerek H. R. Barton8-Sep-18GravesendUnited Kingdom Organic chemistry, stereochemistry
1969ChemistryOdd Hassel17 May 1897Kristiania (now Oslo)Norway Organic chemistry, stereochemistry
1969EconomicsJan Tinbergen12-Apr-03the Haguethe Netherlands Econometrics
1969EconomicsRagnar Frisch3 March 1895OsloNorway Econometrics
1969LiteratureSamuel Beckett13-Apr-06DublinIreland English and French
1969MedicineAlfred D. Hershey4-Dec-08Owosso MIUSA
1969MedicineMax Delbrück4-Sep-06BerlinGermany
1969MedicineSalvador E. Luria13-Aug-12TorinoItaly
1969PeaceInternational Labour Organization (I.L.O.)1919 in GenevaSwitzerland World organization, human rights
1969PhysicsMurray Gell-Mann15-Sep-29New York NYUSA Particle physics
1970ChemistryLuis F. Leloir6-Sep-06ParisFrance Biochemistry
1970EconomicsPaul A. Samuelson15-May-15Gary INUSA Partial and general equilibrium theory
1970LiteratureAleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn11-Dec-18KislovodskRussia Russian
1970MedicineJulius Axelrod30-May-12New York NYUSA
1970MedicineSir Bernard Katz26-Mar-11LeipzigGermany
1970MedicineUlf von Euler7-Feb-05StockholmSweden
1970PeaceNorman E. Borlaug25-Mar-14Cresco IAUSA Humanitarian work
1970PhysicsHannes Olof Gösta Alfvén30-May-08NorrköpingSweden Plasma physics
1970PhysicsLouis Eugène Félix Néel22-Nov-04LyonFrance Electromagnetism, condensed matter physics
1971ChemistryGerhard Herzberg25-Dec-04HamburgGermany Physical chemistry, molecular structures
1971EconomicsSimon Kuznets30-Apr-01Kharkov (now Kharkiv)Russian Empire (now Ukraine) Economic growth and economic history
1971LiteraturePablo Neruda12-Jul-04ParralChile Spanish
1971MedicineEarl W. Sutherland, Jr.19-Nov-15Burlingame KSUSA
1971PeaceWilly Brandt18-Dec-13LübeckGermany Negotiation, world organizing
1971PhysicsDennis Gabor5-Jun-00BudapestHungary Optical physics
1972ChemistryChristian B. Anfinsen26-Mar-16Monessen PAUSA Biochemistry, analytical biochemistry
1972ChemistryStanford Moore4-Sep-13Chicago ILUSA Biochemistry, analytical biochemistry
1972ChemistryWilliam H. Stein25-Jun-11New York NYUSA Biochemistry, analytical biochemistry
1972EconomicsJohn R. Hicks8-Apr-04WarwickUnited Kingdom General equilibrium theory, welfare theory
1972EconomicsKenneth J. Arrow23-Aug-21New York NYUSA General equilibrium theory, welfare theory
1972LiteratureHeinrich Böll21-Dec-17CologneGermany German
1972MedicineGerald M. Edelman1-Jul-29New York NYUSA
1972MedicineRodney R. Porter8-Oct-17Newton-le-WillowsUnited Kingdom
1972PhysicsJohn Bardeen23-May-08Madison WIUSA Superconductivity
1972PhysicsJohn Robert Schrieffer31-May-31Oak Park ILUSA Superconductivity
1972PhysicsLeon Neil Cooper28-Feb-30New York NYUSA Superconductivity
1973ChemistryErnst Otto Fischer10-Nov-18MunichGermany Inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry
1973ChemistryGeoffrey Wilkinson14-Jul-21TodmordenUnited Kingdom Inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry
1973EconomicsWassily Leontief5-Aug-06St. PetersburgRussia Input-output analysis
1973LiteraturePatrick White28-May-12LondonUnited Kingdom English
1973MedicineKarl von Frisch20 November 1886ViennaAustria
1973MedicineKonrad Lorenz7-Nov-03ViennaAustria
1973MedicineNikolaas Tinbergen15-Apr-07the Haguethe Netherlands
1973PeaceHenry A. Kissinger27-May-23FürthGermany Negotiation
1973PeaceLe Duc Tho14-Oct-11Nam Ha provinceVietnam Negotiation
1973PhysicsBrian David Josephson4-Jan-40CardiffUnited Kingdom Condensed matter physics, semiconductors
1973PhysicsIvar Giaever5-Apr-29BergenNorway Condensed matter physics, semiconductors
1973PhysicsLeo Esaki12-Mar-25OsakaJapan Condensed matter physics, semiconductors
1974ChemistryPaul J. Flory19-Jun-10Sterling ILUSA Polymer chemistry
1974EconomicsFriedrich August von Hayek8 May 1899ViennaAustria Macroeconomics and institutional economics
1974EconomicsGunnar Myrdal6 December 1898SkattungbynSweden Macroeconomics and institutional economics
1974LiteratureEyvind Johnson29-Jul-00SvartbjörnsbynSweden Swedish
1974LiteratureHarry Martinson6-May-04JämshögSweden Swedish
1974MedicineAlbert Claude24 August 1898LonglierBelgium
1974MedicineChristian de Duve2-Oct-17Thames DittonUnited Kingdom
1974MedicineGeorge E. Palade19-Nov-12IasiRomania
1974PeaceEisaku Sato27-Mar-01TabuseJapan Human rights, arms control and disarmament
1974PeaceSeán MacBride26-Jan-04ParisFrance Human rights, arms control and disarmament
1974PhysicsAntony Hewish11-May-24FoweyUnited Kingdom Astrophysics
1974PhysicsSir Martin Ryle14-Sep-18BrightonUnited Kingdom Astrophysics
1975ChemistryJohn Warcup Cornforth7-Sep-17SydneyAustralia Organic chemistry, stereochemistry
1975ChemistryVladimir Prelog23-Jul-06SarajevoAustria-Hungary (now Bosnia and Herzegovina) Organic chemistry, stereochemistry
1975EconomicsLeonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich19-Jan-12St. PetersburgRussian Empire Theory of optimal allocation of resources
1975EconomicsTjalling C. Koopmans28-Aug-10s Gravelandthe Netherlands Theory of optimal allocation of resources
1975LiteratureEugenio Montale12 October 1896GenoaItaly Italian
1975MedicineDavid Baltimore7-Mar-38New York NYUSA
1975MedicineHoward Martin Temin10-Dec-34Philadelphia PAUSA
1975MedicineRenato Dulbecco22-Feb-14CatanzaroItaly
1975PeaceAndrei Dmitrievich Sakharov21-May-21MoscowRussia Human rights
1975PhysicsAage Niels Bohr19-Jun-22CopenhagenDenmark Theoretical nuclear physics
1975PhysicsBen Roy Mottelson9-Jul-26Chicago ILUSA Theoretical nuclear physics
1975PhysicsLeo James Rainwater9-Dec-17Council IDUSA Theoretical nuclear physics
1976ChemistryWilliam N. Lipscomb9-Dec-19Cleveland OHUSA Theoretical chemistry, chemical structure
1976EconomicsMilton Friedman31-Jul-12Brooklyn NYUSA Macroeconomics
1976LiteratureSaul Bellow10-Jun-15MontrealCanada English
1976MedicineBaruch S. Blumberg28-Jul-25New York NYUSA
1976MedicineD. Carleton Gajdusek9-Sep-23Yonkers NYUSA
1976PeaceBetty Williams22-May-43BelfastNorthern Ireland Peace movement
1976PeaceMairead Corrigan27-Jan-44BelfastNorthern Ireland Peace movement
1976PhysicsBurton Richter22-Mar-31Brooklyn NYUSA Experimental particle physics
1976PhysicsSamuel Chao Chung Ting27-Jan-36Ann Arbor MIUSA Experimental particle physics
1977ChemistryIlya Prigogine25-Jan-17MoscowRussia Physical chemistry, chemical thermodynamics
1977EconomicsBertil Ohlin23 April 1899KlippanSweden International economics
1977EconomicsJames E. Meade23-Jun-07SwanageUnited Kingdom International economics
1977LiteratureVicente Aleixandre26 April 1898SevillaSpain Spanish
1977MedicineAndrew V. Schally30-Nov-26Wilno (now Vilnius)Poland (now Lithuania)
1977MedicineRoger Guillemin11-Jan-24DijonFrance
1977MedicineRosalyn Yalow19-Jul-21New York NYUSA
1977PeaceAmnesty International1961 in LondonUnited Kingdom Human rights
1977PhysicsJohn Hasbrouck van Vleck13 March 1899Middletown CTUSA Condensed matter physics
1977PhysicsPhilip Warren Anderson13-Dec-23Indianapolis INUSA Condensed matter physics
1977PhysicsSir Nevill Francis Mott30-Sep-05LeedsUnited Kingdom Condensed matter physics
1978ChemistryPeter D. Mitchell29-Sep-20MitchamUnited Kingdom Biochemistry
1978EconomicsHerbert A. Simon15-Jun-16Milwaukee WIUSA Management science
1978LiteratureIsaac Bashevis Singer14-Jul-04LeoncinRussian Empire (now Poland) Yiddish
1978MedicineDaniel Nathans30-Oct-28Wilmington DEUSA
1978MedicineHamilton O. Smith23-Aug-31New York NYUSA
1978MedicineWerner Arber3-Jun-29GränichenSwitzerland
1978PeaceMenachem Begin16-Aug-13Brest LitovskRussian Empire (now Belarus) Negotiation
1978PeaceMohamed Anwar al-Sadat25-Dec-18Mit Abu al-KawmEgypt Negotiation
1978PhysicsArno Allan Penzias26-Apr-33MunichGermany Astrophysics
1978PhysicsPyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa9 July 1894KronshtadtRussian Empire Condensed matter physics, superfluidity
1978PhysicsRobert Woodrow Wilson10-Jan-36Houston TXUSA Astrophysics
1979ChemistryGeorg Wittig16 June 1897BerlinGermany Organic chemistry
1979ChemistryHerbert C. Brown22-May-12LondonUnited Kingdom Organic chemistry
1979EconomicsSir Arthur Lewis23-Jan-15CastriesBritish West Indies (now Saint Lucia) Development economics
1979EconomicsTheodore W. Schultz30-Apr-02Arlington SDUSA Development economics
1979LiteratureOdysseus Elytis2-Nov-11IráklionCrete (now Greece) Greek
1979MedicineAllan M. Cormack23-Feb-24JohannesburgSouth Africa
1979MedicineGodfrey N. Hounsfield28-Aug-19NewarkUnited Kingdom
1979PeaceMother Teresa26-Aug-10Uskup (now Skopje)Ottoman Empire (now Republic of Macedonia) Humanitarian work
1979PhysicsAbdus Salam29-Jan-26Jhang Maghi?naIndia (now Pakistan) Particle physics
1979PhysicsSheldon Lee Glashow5-Dec-32New York NYUSA Particle physics
1979PhysicsSteven Weinberg3-May-33New York NYUSA Particle physics
1980ChemistryFrederick Sanger13-Aug-18RendcombeUnited Kingdom Biochemistry
1980ChemistryPaul Berg30-Jun-26New York NYUSA Biochemistry
1980ChemistryWalter Gilbert21-Mar-32Boston MAUSA Biochemistry
1980EconomicsLawrence R. Klein14-Sep-20Omaha NEUSA Macroeconometrics
1980LiteratureCzeslaw Milosz30-Jun-11?ateiniaiRussian Empire (now Lithuania) Polish
1980MedicineBaruj Benacerraf29-Oct-20CaracasVenezuela
1980MedicineGeorge D. Snell19-Dec-03Bradford MAUSA
1980MedicineJean Dausset19-Oct-16ToulouseFrance
1980PeaceAdolfo Pérez Esquivel26-Nov-31Buenos AiresArgentina Human rights
1980PhysicsJames Watson Cronin29-Sep-31Chicago ILUSA Particle physics
1980PhysicsVal Logsdon Fitch10-Mar-23Merriman NEUSA Particle physics
1981ChemistryKenichi Fukui4-Oct-18NaraJapan Theoretical chemistry
1981ChemistryRoald Hoffmann18-Jul-37ZloczovPoland Theoretical chemistry
1981EconomicsJames Tobin5-Mar-18Champaign ILUSA Macroeconomics
1981LiteratureElias Canetti25-Jul-05RuseBulgaria German
1981MedicineDavid H. Hubel27-Feb-26Windsor ONCanada
1981MedicineRoger W. Sperry20-Aug-13Hartford CTUSA
1981MedicineTorsten N. Wiesel3-Jun-24UppsalaSweden
1981PeaceOffice of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)1951 in GenevaSwitzerland Humanitarian work
1981PhysicsArthur Leonard Schawlow5-May-21Mount Verno NYUSA Optical physics, quantum electrodynamics
1981PhysicsKai M. Siegbahn20-Apr-18LundSweden Atomic physics
1981PhysicsNicolaas Bloembergen11-Mar-20Dordrechtthe Netherlands Optical physics, quantum electrodynamics
1982ChemistryAaron Klug11-Aug-26ZelvasLithuania Biochemistry, structural chemistry
1982EconomicsGeorge J. Stigler17-Jan-11Renton WAUSA Industrial organization
1982LiteratureGabriel García Márquez6-Mar-28AracatacaColombia Spanish
1982MedicineBengt I. Samuelsson21-May-34HalmstadSweden
1982MedicineJohn R. Vane29-Mar-27TardebiggUnited Kingdom
1982MedicineSune K. Bergström10-Jan-16StockholmSweden
1982PeaceAlfonso García Robles20-Mar-11ZamoraMexico Arms control and disarmament
1982PeaceAlva Myrdal31-Jan-02UppsalaSweden Arms control and disarmament
1982PhysicsKenneth G. Wilson8-Jun-36Waltham MAUSA Condensed matter physics, critical phenomena
1983ChemistryHenry Taube30-Nov-15NeudorfCanada Physical chemistry, inorganic chemistry
1983EconomicsGerard Debreu4-Jul-21CalaisFrance General equilibrium theory
1983LiteratureWilliam Golding19-Sep-11St. Columb MinorUnited Kingdom English
1983MedicineBarbara McClintock16-Jun-02Hartford CTUSA
1983PeaceLech Walesa29-Sep-43PopowoPoland Human rights
1983PhysicsSubramanyan Chandrasekhar19-Oct-10LahoreIndia (now Pakistan) Astrophysics
1983PhysicsWilliam Alfred Fowler9-Aug-11Pittsburgh PAUSA Astrophysics
1984ChemistryRobert Bruce Merrifield15-Jul-21Fort Worth TXUSA Biochemistry
1984EconomicsRichard Stone30-Aug-13LondonUnited Kingdom National income accounting
1984LiteratureJaroslav Seifert23-Sep-01PragueAustria-Hungary (now Czech Republic) Czech
1984MedicineCésar Milstein8-Oct-27Bahia BlancaArgentina
1984MedicineGeorges J.F. Köhler17-Apr-46MunichGermany
1984MedicineNiels K. Jerne23-Dec-11LondonUnited Kingdom
1984PeaceDesmond Mpilo Tutu7-Oct-31KlerksdorpSouth Africa Human rights
1984PhysicsCarlo Rubbia31-Mar-34GoriziaItaly Experimental particel physics
1984PhysicsSimon van der Meer24-Nov-25the Haguethe Netherlands Experimental particel physics
1985ChemistryHerbert A. Hauptman14-Feb-17New York NYUSA Physical chemistry, structural chemistry
1985ChemistryJerome Karle18-Jun-18New York NYUSA Physical chemistry, structural chemistry
1985EconomicsFranco Modigliani18-Jun-18RomeItaly Macroeconomics
1985LiteratureClaude Simon10-Oct-13Tananarive (now Antananarivo)Madagascar French
1985MedicineJoseph L. Goldstein18-Apr-40Sumter SCUSA
1985MedicineMichael S. Brown13-Apr-41New York NYUSA
1985PeaceInternational Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War1980 in BostonMAUSA Arms control and disarmament
1985PhysicsKlaus von Klitzing28-Jun-43SchrodaGerman-occupied Poland Condensed matter physics
1986ChemistryDudley R. Herschbach18-Jun-32San José CAUSA Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1986ChemistryJohn C. Polanyi23-Jan-29BerlinGermany Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1986ChemistryYuan T. Lee19-Nov-36HsinchuTaiwan Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1986EconomicsJames M. Buchanan Jr.3-Oct-19Murfreesboro TNUSA Public finance
1986LiteratureWole Soyinka13-Jul-34AbeokutaNigeria English
1986MedicineRita Levi-Montalcini22-Apr-09TurinItaly
1986MedicineStanley Cohen17-Nov-22Brooklyn NYUSA
1986PeaceElie Wiesel30-Sep-28SighetRomania Human rights, humanitarian work
1986PhysicsErnst Ruska25-Dec-06HeidelbergGermany Electron optics, instrumentation
1986PhysicsGerd Binnig20-Jul-47Frankfurt-on-the-MainWest Germany Condensed matter physics, instrumentation
1986PhysicsHeinrich Rohrer6-Jun-33BuchsSwitzerland Condensed matter physics, instrumentation
1987ChemistryCharles J. Pedersen3-Oct-04PusanKorea Organic chemistry
1987ChemistryDonald J. Cram22-Apr-19Chester VTUSA Organic chemistry
1987ChemistryJean-Marie Lehn30-Sep-39RosheimFrance Organic chemistry
1987EconomicsRobert M. Solow23-Aug-24Brooklyn NYUSA Economic growth theory
1987LiteratureJoseph Brodsky24-May-40Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg)USSR (now Russia) English (prose) and Russian (poetry)
1987MedicineSusumu Tonegawa6-Sep-39NagoyaJapan
1987PeaceOscar Arias Sánchez13-Sep-41HerediaCosta Rica Negotiation
1987PhysicsJ. Georg Bednorz16-May-50NeuenkirchenWest Germany Superconductivity
1987PhysicsK. Alexander Müller20-Apr-27BaselSwitzerland Superconductivity
1988ChemistryHartmut Michel18-Jul-48LudwigsburgWest Germany Biochemistry, structural chemistry
1988ChemistryJohann Deisenhofer30-Sep-43ZusamaltheimGermany Biochemistry, structural chemistry
1988ChemistryRobert Huber20-Feb-37MunichGermany Biochemistry, structural chemistry
1988EconomicsMaurice Allais31-May-11ParisFrance Partial and general equilibrium theory
1988LiteratureNaguib Mahfouz11-Dec-11CairoEgypt Arabic
1988MedicineGeorge H. Hitchings18-Apr-05Hoquiam WAUSA
1988MedicineGertrude B. Elion23-Jan-18New York NYUSA
1988MedicineSir James W. Black14-Jun-24UddingstonScotland
1988PeaceUnited Nations Peacekeeping Forces1948 in New YorkNYUSA World organizing
1988PhysicsJack Steinberger25-May-21Bad KissingenGermany Particle physics
1988PhysicsLeon M. Lederman15-Jul-22New York NYUSA Particle physics
1988PhysicsMelvin Schwartz2-Nov-32New York NYUSA Particle physics
1989ChemistrySidney Altman7-May-39MontrealCanada Biochemistry
1989ChemistryThomas R. Cech8-Dec-47Chicago ILUSA Biochemistry
1989EconomicsTrygve Haavelmo13-Dec-11SkedsmoNorway Econometrics
1989LiteratureCamilo José Cela11-May-16Iria FlaviaSpain Spanish
1989MedicineHarold E. Varmus18-Dec-39Oceanside NYUSA
1989MedicineJ. Michael Bishop22-Feb-36York PAUSA
1989PeaceThe 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso)6-Jul-35TaktserTibet Human rights
1989PhysicsHans G. Dehmelt9-Sep-22GörlitzGermany Atomic physics
1989PhysicsNorman F. Ramsey27-Aug-15Washington DCUSA Atomic physics
1989PhysicsWolfgang Paul10-Aug-13LorenzkirchGermany Atomic physics
1990ChemistryElias James Corey12-Jul-28Methuen MAUSA Organic chemistry
1990EconomicsHarry M. Markowitz24-Aug-27Chicago ILUSA Financial economics
1990EconomicsMerton H. Miller16-May-23Boston MAUSA Financial economics
1990EconomicsWilliam F. Sharpe16-Jun-34Boston MAUSA Financial economics
1990LiteratureOctavio Paz31-Mar-14Mexico CityMexico Spanish
1990MedicineE. Donnall Thomas15-Mar-20Mart TXUSA
1990MedicineJoseph E. Murray1-Apr-19Milford MAUSA
1990PeaceMikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev2-Mar-31PrivolnoyeUSSR Negotiation, world organizing, arms control and disarmament
1990PhysicsHenry W. Kendall9-Dec-26Boston MAUSA Particle physics
1990PhysicsJerome I. Friedman28-Mar-30Chicago ILUSA Particle physics
1990PhysicsRichard E. Taylor2-Nov-29Medicine Hat AlbertaCanada Particle physics
1991ChemistryRichard R. Ernst14-Aug-33WinterthurSwitzerland Physical chemical methodology
1991EconomicsRonald H. Coase29-Dec-10WillesdenUnited Kingdom Theory of market institutions
1991LiteratureNadine Gordimer20-Nov-23SpringsSouth Africa English
1991MedicineBert Sakmann12-Jun-42StuttgartGermany
1991MedicineErwin Neher20-Mar-44LandsbergGermany
1991PeaceAung San Suu Kyi19-Jun-45Rangoon (now Yangon)Burma (now Myanmar) Human rights
1991PhysicsPierre-Gilles de Gennes24-Oct-32ParisFrance Condensed matter physics
1992ChemistryRudolph A. Marcus21-Jul-23MontrealCanada Theoretical chemistry
1992EconomicsGary S. Becker2-Dec-30Pottsville PAUSA Microeconomics and economic sociology
1992LiteratureDerek Walcott23-Jan-30CastriesSaint Lucia English
1992MedicineEdmond H. Fischer6-Apr-20ShanghaiChina
1992MedicineEdwin G. Krebs6-Jun-18Lansing IAUSA
1992PeaceRigoberta Menchú Tum9-Jan-59Aldea ChimelGuatemala Human rights
1992PhysicsGeorges Charpak1-Aug-24DabrovicaPoland Instrumentation
1993ChemistryKary B. Mullis28-Dec-44Lenoir NCUSA Biochemistry
1993ChemistryMichael Smith26-Apr-32BlackpoolUnited Kingdom Biochemistry
1993EconomicsDouglass C. North5-Nov-20Cambridge MAUSA Economic history
1993EconomicsRobert W. Fogel1-Jul-27New York NYUSA Economic history
1993LiteratureToni Morrison18-Feb-31Lorain OHUSA English
1993MedicinePhillip A. Sharp6-Jun-44Falmouth KYUSA
1993MedicineRichard J. Roberts6-Sep-43DerbyUnited Kingdom
1993PeaceFrederik Willem de Klerk18-Mar-36JohannesburgSouth Africa Negotiation, human rights
1993PeaceNelson Mandela18-Jul-18QunuSouth Africa Negotiation, human rights
1993PhysicsJoseph H. Taylor Jr.29-Mar-41Philadelphia PAUSA Astrophysics
1993PhysicsRussell A. Hulse28-Nov-50New York NYUSA Astrophysics
1994ChemistryGeorge A. Olah22-May-27BudapestHungary Organic chemistry
1994EconomicsJohn C. Harsanyi29-May-20BudapestHungary Game theory
1994EconomicsJohn F. Nash Jr.13-Jun-28Bluefield WVUSA Game theory
1994EconomicsReinhard Selten5-Oct-30Breslau (now Wroclaw)Germany (now Poland) Game theory
1994LiteratureKenzaburo Oe31-Jan-35UchikoJapan Japanese
1994MedicineAlfred G. Gilman1-Jul-41New Haven CTUSA
1994MedicineMartin Rodbell1-Dec-25Baltimore MDUSA
1994PeaceShimon Peres16-Aug-23VishnevaPoland (now Belarus) Negotiation
1994PeaceYasser Arafat24-Aug-29CairoEgypt Negotiation
1994PeaceYitzhak Rabin1-Mar-22JerusalemBritish Mandate of Palestine (now Israel) Negotiation
1994PhysicsBertram N. Brockhouse15-Jul-18Lethbridge AlbertaCanada Condensed matter physics, instrumentation
1994PhysicsClifford G. Shull23-Sep-15Pittsburgh PAUSA Condensed matter physics, instrumentation
1995ChemistryF. Sherwood Rowland28-Jun-27Delaware OHUSA Atmospheric and environmental chemistry
1995ChemistryMario J. Molina19-Mar-43Mexico CityMexico Atmospheric and environmental chemistry
1995ChemistryPaul J. Crutzen3-Dec-33Amsterdamthe Netherlands Atmospheric and environmental chemistry
1995EconomicsRobert E. Lucas Jr.15-Sep-37Yakima WAUSA Macroeconomics
1995LiteratureSeamus Heaney13-Apr-39CasteldàwsonNorthern Ireland English
1995MedicineChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard20-Oct-42MagdeburgGermany
1995MedicineEdward B. Lewis20-May-18Wilkes-Barre PAUSA
1995MedicineEric F. Wieschaus8-Jun-47South Bend INUSA
1995PeaceJoseph Rotblat4-Nov-08WarsawRussian Empire (now Poland) Arms control and disarmament
1995PeacePugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs1957 in PugwashCanada Arms control and disarmament
1995PhysicsFrederick Reines16-Mar-18Paterson NJUSA Particle physics
1995PhysicsMartin L. Perl24-Jun-27New York NYUSA Particle physics
1996ChemistryRichard E. Smalley6-Jun-43Akron OHUSA Organic chemistry, structural chemistry
1996ChemistryRobert F. Curl Jr.23-Aug-33Alice TXUSA Organic chemistry, structural chemistry
1996ChemistrySir Harold W. Kroto7-Oct-39WisbechUnited Kingdom Organic chemistry, structural chemistry
1996EconomicsJames A. Mirrlees5-Jul-36MinnigaffScotland Economics of information
1996EconomicsWilliam Vickrey21-Jun-14Victoria BCCanada Economics of information
1996LiteratureWislawa Szymborska2-Jul-23Bnin (now Kórnik)Poland Polish
1996MedicinePeter C. Doherty15-Oct-40BrisbaneAustralia
1996MedicineRolf M. Zinkernagel6-Jan-44BaselSwitzerland
1996PeaceCarlos Filipe Ximenes Belo3-Feb-48WailacamaEast Timor Human rights, peace movement
1996PeaceJosé Ramos-Horta26-Dec-49DiliEast Timor Negotiation, peace movement
1996PhysicsDavid M. Lee20-Jan-31Rye NYUSA Superfluidity
1996PhysicsDouglas D. Osheroff1-Aug-45Aberdeen WAUSA Superfluidity
1996PhysicsRobert C. Richardson26-Jul-37Washington DCUSA Superfluidity
1997ChemistryJens C. Skou8-Oct-18LemvigDenmark Biochemistry
1997ChemistryJohn E. Walker7-Jan-41HalifaxUnited Kingdom Biochemistry
1997ChemistryPaul D. Boyer31-Jul-18Provo UTUSA Biochemistry
1997EconomicsMyron S. Scholes1-Jul-41Timmins ONCanada Financial economics
1997EconomicsRobert C. Merton31-Jul-49New York NYUSA Financial economics
1997LiteratureDario Fo24-Mar-26Leggiuno-SangianoItaly Italian
1997MedicineStanley B. Prusiner28-May-42Des Moines IAUSA
1997PeaceInternational Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) Arms control and disarmament, peace movement
1997PeaceJody Williams9-Oct-50Putney VTUSA Arms control and disarmament, peace movement
1997PhysicsClaude Cohen-Tannoudji1-Apr-33ConstantineAlgeria Atomic physics
1997PhysicsSteven Chu28-Feb-48St. Louis MOUSA Atomic physics
1997PhysicsWilliam D. Phillips5-Nov-48Wilkes-Barre PAUSA Atomic physics
1998ChemistryJohn A. Pople31-Oct-25Burnham-on-SeaUnited Kingdom Theoretical chemistry
1998ChemistryWalter Kohn9-Mar-23ViennaAustria Theoretical chemistry
1998EconomicsAmartya Sen3-Nov-33SantiniketanIndia Welfare economics
1998LiteratureJosé Saramago16-Nov-22AzinhagaPortugal Portuguese
1998MedicineFerid Murad14-Sep-36Whiting INUSA
1998MedicineLouis J. Ignarro31-May-41Brooklyn NYUSA
1998MedicineRobert F. Furchgott4-Jun-16Charleston SCUSA
1998PeaceDavid Trimble15-Oct-44BelfastNorthern Ireland Negotiation
1998PeaceJohn Hume18-Jan-37LondonderryNorthern Ireland Negotiation
1998PhysicsDaniel C. Tsui28-Feb-39HenanChina Condensed matter physics
1998PhysicsHorst L. Störmer6-Apr-49Frankfurt-on-the-MainWest Germany Condensed matter physics
1998PhysicsRobert B. Laughlin1-Nov-50Visalia CAUSA Condensed matter physics
1999ChemistryAhmed H. Zewail26-Feb-46DamanhurEgypt Physical chemistry, chemical kinetics
1999EconomicsRobert A. Mundell24-Oct-32Kingston ONCanada International macroeconomics
1999LiteratureGünter Grass16-Oct-27Danzig (now Gdansk)Free City of Danzig (now Poland) German
1999MedicineGünter Blobel21-May-36Waltersdorf (now Niegoslawice)Germany (now Poland)
1999PeaceMédecins Sans Frontières1971 in ParisFrance Humanitarian work
1999PhysicsGerardus 't Hooft5-Jul-46Den Helderthe Netherlands Particle physics
1999PhysicsMartinus J.G. Veltman27-Jun-31Waalwijkthe Netherlands Particle physics
2000ChemistryAlan G. MacDiarmid14-Apr-27MastertonNew Zealand Physical chemistry
2000ChemistryAlan J. Heeger22-Jan-36Sioux City IAUSA Physical chemistry
2000ChemistryHideki Shirakawa20-Aug-36TokyoJapan Physical chemistry
2000EconomicsDaniel L. McFadden29-Jul-37Raleigh NCUSA Econometrics
2000EconomicsJames J. Heckman19-Apr-44Chicago ILUSA Econometrics
2000LiteratureGao Xingjian4-Jan-40GanzhouChina Chinese
2000MedicineArvid Carlsson25-Jan-23UppsalaSweden
2000MedicineEric R. Kandel7-Nov-29ViennaAustria
2000MedicinePaul Greengard11-Dec-25New York NYUSA
2000PeaceKim Dae-jung3-Dec-25MokpoKorea (now South Korea) Humanitarian work, negotiation
2000PhysicsHerbert Kroemer25-Aug-28WeimarGermany Condensed matter physics, instrumentation
2000PhysicsJack S. Kilby8-Nov-23Jefferson City MOUSA Electronics technology
2000PhysicsZhores I. Alferov15-Mar-30Vitebsk BelorussiaUSSR (now Belarus) Condensed matter physics, instrumentation
2001ChemistryK. Barry Sharpless28-Apr-41Philadelphia PAUSA Organic chemistry, industrial chemistry
2001ChemistryRyoji Noyori3-Sep-38KobeJapan Organic chemistry, industrial chemistry
2001ChemistryWilliam S. Knowles1-Jun-17Taunton MAUSA Organic chemistry, industrial chemistry
2001EconomicsA. Michael Spence0 1943Montclair NJUSA Economics of information
2001EconomicsGeorge A. Akerlof17-Jun-40New Haven CTUSA Economics of information
2001EconomicsJoseph E. Stiglitz9-Feb-43Gary INUSA Economics of information
2001LiteratureSir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul17-Aug-32Trinidad English
2001MedicineLeland H. Hartwell30-Oct-39Los Angeles CAUSA
2001MedicineSir Paul M. Nurse25-Jan-49NorwichUnited Kingdom
2001MedicineTim Hunt19-Feb-43NestonUnited Kingdom
2001PeaceKofi Annan8-Apr-38KumasiGold Coast (now Ghana) World organizing
2001PeaceUnited Nations (U.N.)1945 in New YorkNYUSA World organizing
2001PhysicsCarl E. Wieman26-Mar-51Corvallis ORUSA
2001PhysicsEric A. Cornell19-Dec-61Palo Alto CFUSA Atomic physics
2001PhysicsWolfgang Ketterle21-Oct-57HeidelbergWest Germany Atomic physics
2002ChemistryJohn B. Fenn15-Jun-17New York NYUSA Physical chemical methodology
2002ChemistryKoichi Tanaka3-Aug-59Toyama CityJapan Physical chemical methodology
2002ChemistryKurt Wüthrich4-Oct-38AarbergSwitzerland Physical chemical methodology
2002EconomicsDaniel Kahneman5-Mar-34Tel AvivBritish Mandate of Palestine (now Israel) Economic psychology and experimental economics
2002EconomicsVernon L. Smith1-Jan-27Wichita KSUSA Economic psychology and experimental economics
2002LiteratureImre Kertész9-Nov-29BudapestHungary Hungarian
2002MedicineH. Robert Horvitz8-May-47Chicago ILUSA
2002MedicineJohn E. Sulston27-Mar-42CambridgeUnited Kingdom
2002MedicineSydney Brenner13-Jan-27GermistonSouth Africa
2002PeaceJimmy Carter1-Oct-24Plains GAUSA Negotiation, human rights
2002PhysicsMasatoshi Koshiba19-Sep-26ToyohashiJapan Neutrino astrophysics
2002PhysicsRaymond Davis Jr.14-Oct-14Washington DCUSA Neutrino astrophysics
2002PhysicsRiccardo Giacconi6-Oct-31GenoaItaly Astrophysics
2003ChemistryPeter Agre30-Jan-49Northfield MNUSA Biochemistry, structural chemistry
2003ChemistryRoderick MacKinnon19-Feb-56Burlington MAUSA Biochemistry, structural chemistry
2003EconomicsClive W.J. Granger4-Sep-34SwanseaUnited Kingdom Econometrics
2003EconomicsRobert F. Engle III10-Nov-42Syracuse NYUSA Econometrics
2003LiteratureJohn M. Coetzee9-Feb-40Cape TownSouth Africa English
2003MedicinePaul C. Lauterbur6-May-29Sidney OHUSA
2003MedicineSir Peter Mansfield9-Oct-33LondonUnited Kingdom
2003PeaceShirin Ebadi21-Jun-47HamadanIran Human rights
2003PhysicsAlexei A. Abrikosov25-Jun-28MoscowUSSR (now Russia) Condensed matter physics, superfluidity, superconductivity
2003PhysicsAnthony J. Leggett26-Mar-38LondonUnited Kingdom Condensed matter physics, superfluidity, superconductivity
2003PhysicsVitaly L. Ginzburg4-Oct-16MoscowRussia Condensed matter physics, superfluidity, superconductivity
2004ChemistryAaron Ciechanover1-Oct-47HaifaBritish Protectorate of Palestine (now Israel) Biochemistry
2004ChemistryAvram Hershko31-Dec-37KarcagHungary Biochemistry
2004ChemistryIrwin Rose16-Jul-26Brooklyn NYUSA Biochemistry
2004EconomicsEdward C. Prescott26-Dec-40Glens Falls NYUSA Macroeconomics
2004EconomicsFinn E. Kydland1-Dec-43GjesdalNorway Macroeconomics
2004LiteratureElfriede Jelinek20-Oct-46MürzzuschlagAustria German
2004MedicineLinda B. Buck29-Jan-47Seattle WAUSA
2004MedicineRichard Axel2-Jul-46New York NYUSA
2004PeaceWangari Muta Maathai1-Apr-40NyeriKenya Humanitarian work
2004PhysicsDavid J. Gross19-Feb-41Washington DCUSA
2004PhysicsFrank Wilczek15-May-51New York NYUSA
2004PhysicsH. David Politzer31-Aug-49New York NYUSA
2005ChemistryRichard R. Schrock4-Jan-45Berne INUSA Organic chemistry
2005ChemistryRobert H. Grubbs27-Feb-42Possum Trot KYUSA Organic chemistry
2005ChemistryYves Chauvin10-Oct-30MeninFrance Organic chemistry
2005EconomicsRobert J. Aumann8-Jun-30Frankfurt-on-the-MainGermany Game theory
2005EconomicsThomas C. Schelling14-Apr-21Oakland CAUSA Game theory
2005LiteratureHarold Pinter10-Oct-30LondonUnited Kingdom English
2005MedicineBarry J. Marshall30-Sep-51KalgoorlieAustralia
2005MedicineJ. Robin Warren11-Jun-37AdelaideAustralia
2005PeaceInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)1957 in ViennaAustria Arms control and disarmament
2005PeaceMohamed ElBaradei17-Jun-42CairoEgypt Arms control and disarmament
2005PhysicsJohn L. Hall21-Aug-34Denver COUSA Atomic physics
2005PhysicsRoy J. Glauber1-Sep-25New York NYUSA Quantum optics
2005PhysicsTheodor W. Hänsch30-Oct-41HeidelbergGermany Atomic Physics
2006ChemistryRoger D. Kornberg24-Apr-47St. Louis MOUSA Biochemistry, structural chemistry
2006EconomicsEdmund S. Phelps26-Jul-33Evanston ILUSA Macroeconomics
2006LiteratureOrhan Pamuk7-Jun-52IstanbulTurkey Turkish
2006MedicineAndrew Z. Fire27-Apr-59Stanford CAUSA
2006MedicineCraig C. Mello19-Oct-60New Haven CTUSA
2006PeaceGrameen Bank1976 in DhakaBangladesh Humanitarian work
2006PeaceMuhammad Yunus28-Jun-40ChittagongBritish India (now Bangladesh) Humanitarian work
2006PhysicsGeorge F. Smoot20-Feb-45Yukon FLUSA Astrophysics, instrumentation
2006PhysicsJohn C. Mather7-Aug-46Roanoke VAUSA Astrophysics, instrumentation
2007ChemistryGerhard Ertl10-Oct-36Bad CannstattGermany Inorganic chemistry, surface chemistry
2007EconomicsEric S. Maskin12-Dec-50New York NYUSA Microeconomics
2007EconomicsLeonid Hurwicz21-Aug-17MoscowRussia Microeconomics
2007EconomicsRoger B. Myerson29-Mar-51Boston MAUSA Microeconomics
2007LiteratureDoris Lessing22-Oct-19KermanshahPersia (now Iran) English
2007MedicineMario R. Capecchi6-Oct-37VeronaItaly
2007MedicineOliver Smithies23-Jun-25HalifaxUnited Kingdom
2007MedicineSir Martin J. Evans1-Jan-41StroudUnited Kingdom
2007PeaceAlbert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr.31-Mar-48Washington DCUSA Humanitarian work, world organizing
2007PeaceIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)1988 in New YorkNYUSA Humanitarian work, world organizing
2007PhysicsAlbert Fert7-Mar-38CarcassonneFrance Condensed matter physics
2007PhysicsPeter Grünberg18-May-39PlzenCzechoslovakia (now Czech Republic) Condensed matter physics
2008ChemistryMartin Chalfie1947Chicago ILUSA Biochemistry
2008ChemistryOsamu Shimomura1928KyotoJapan Biochemistry
2008ChemistryRoger Y. Tsien1-Feb-52New York NYUSA Biochemistry
2008EconomicsPaul Krugman28-Feb-53New York NYUSA International and regional economics
2008LiteratureJean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio13-Apr-40NiceFrance French
2008MedicineFrançoise Barré-Sinoussi30-Jul-47ParisFrance
2008MedicineHarald zur Hausen11-Mar-36GelsenkirchenGermany
2008MedicineLuc Montagnier18-Aug-32ChabrisFrance
2008PeaceMartti Ahtisaari23-Jun-37Viipuri (now Vyborg)Finland (now Russia) Negotiation
2008PhysicsMakoto Kobayashi7-Apr-44NagoyaJapan Particle physics
2008PhysicsToshihide Maskawa Particle physics
2008PhysicsYoichiro Nambu18-Jan-21TokyoJapan Particle physics
2009ChemistryAda E. Yonath22-Jun-39JerusalemIsrael Biochemistry, structural chemistry
2009ChemistryThomas A. Steitz23-Aug-40Milwaukee WIUSA Biochemistry, structural chemistry
2009ChemistryVenkatraman Ramakrishnan1952Chidambaram Tamil NaduIndia Biochemistry, structural chemistry
2009EconomicsElinor Ostrom7-Aug-33New York NYUSA Economic governance
2009EconomicsOliver E. Williamson27-Sep-32Superior WIUSA Economic governance
2009LiteratureHerta Müller17-Aug-53Nitzkydorf BanatRomania German
2009MedicineCarol W. Greider15-Apr-61San Diego CAUSA
2009MedicineElizabeth H. Blackburn26-Nov-48Hobart TasmaniaAustralia
2009MedicineJack W. Szostak9-Nov-52LondonUnited Kingdom
2009PeaceBarack H. Obama4-Aug-61Honolulu HIUSA World organizing, arms control and disarmament
2009PhysicsCharles K. Kao4-Nov-33ShanghaiChina Fiber technology, instrumentation
2009PhysicsGeorge E. Smith10-May-30White Plains NYUSA Semiconductor technology, instrumentation
2009PhysicsWillard S. Boyle19-Aug-24Amherst NSCanada Semiconductor technology, instrumentation
2010ChemistryAkira Suzuki1930MukawaJapan
2010ChemistryEi-ichi Negishi1935ChangchunChina
2010ChemistryRichard F. Heck1931Springfield MAUSA
2010EconomicsChristopher A. Pissarides1948NicosiaCyprys
2010EconomicsDale T. Mortensen1939Enterprise ORUSA
2010EconomicsPeter A. Diamond1940New York NYUSA
2010LiteratureMario Vargas Llosa28-Mar-36ArequipaPeru
2010MedicineRobert G. Edwards1925BatleyUnited Kingdom
2010PeaceLiu Xiaobo Human rights
2010PhysicsAndre Geim1958SochiRussia
2010PhysicsKonstantin Novoselov1974Nizhny TagilRussia

Source: AggData. Complete List of Nobel Prize Winners (free dataset)



Another example, using only the first letter:

Glossary of wine terms

TermDefinition
ABCAcronym for 'Anything but Chardonnay' or 'Anything but Cabernet'. A term conceived by Bonny Doon's Randall Grahm to denote wine drinkers' interest in grape varieties.
Abfüllung (Erzeugerabfüllung)Bottled by the proprietor. Will be on the label followed by relevant information concerning the bottler.
ABVAbbreviation of alcohol by volume, generally listed on a wine label.
ACAbbreviation for 'Agricultural Cooperative' on Greek wine labels and for Adega Cooperativa on Portuguese labels.
AcescenceWine with a sharp, sweet-and-sour tang can be described as having acescence. The acescence characteristics frequently recalls a vinegary smell.
AdegaPortuguese wine term for a winery or wine cellar.
Altar wineThe wine used by the Catholic Church in celebrations of the Eucharist.
AOCAbbreviation for Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée, (English: Appellation of controlled origin), as specified under French law. The AOC laws specify and delimit the geography from which a particular wine (or other food product) may originate and methods by which it may be made. The regulations are administered by the Institut National des Appellations d'Origine (INAO).
A.P. numberAbbreviation for Amtliche Prüfungsnummer, the official testing number displayed on a German wine label that shows that the wine was tasted and passed government quality control standards.
ATTTBAbbreviation for the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, a United States government agency that is primarily responsible for the regulation of wines sold and produced in the United States.
AmontilladoBest described as a matured Fino. After the flor dies, the yeast sinks to the bottom of the wine and is no longer able to protect the Sherry from oxidation. The now unprotected Sherry begins to take on a rich and deep nutty flavor, and can now be described as Amontillado.
AnbaugebietA German wine region. Anbaugebiet are further divided into bereiche or districts.
AperitifA wine that is either drunk by itself (i.e. without food) or before a meal in order to stimulate the appetite.
AppellationA geographically delineated wine region.
AromaticA wine with very noticeable and distinctive aromas
AusbruchAustrian term originally referring to the aszú production method of mixing grapes affected by noble rot with a fermenting base wine. Today a Prädikat in Austria, intermediate between Beerenauslese and Trockenbeerenauslese.
AusleseGerman for 'select harvest', a Prädikat in Germany and Austria.
BalthazarA large bottle containing 12 litres, the equivalent of 16 regular wine bottles.
Ban de VendangeThe official start of the harvest season in France.
BarriqueThe French name for a 225 litre Bordeaux style barrel (Bordeaux hogshead). Will yield 24 cases of 12 bottles each.
BasicA low cost entry level offering from a winery as opposed to its more expensive premium wine offerings.
BeerenausleseA German term meaning approximately 'harvest of selected berries'. A Prädikat in Germany and Austria.
BereichA district within a German wine region (Anbaugebiet). Contains smaller Grosslagen vineyard designations.
Berthomeau Report (The)Commissioned by French Ministry of Agriculture to better position the wine industry for the future.
Biodynamic wineLike biodynamic agriculture in general, biodynamic grape-growing stems from the ideas and suggestions of Rudolf Steiner (1861.1925), which predate most of the organic movement. The principles and practices of biodynamics are based on his spiritual/practical philosophy which includes understanding the ecological, the energetic, and the spiritual in nature.
Blind tastingTasting and evaluating wine without knowing what it is.
B.O.B.An acronym for 'Buyer's Own Brand' which refers to a private label wine owned by the restaurant or retailer that sells the wine.
BodegaA Spanish wine cellar. Also refers to a seller of alcoholic beverage.
BotaA cask of wine used to store Sherry with a capacity between 159 to 172 gallons (600-650 liters)
BottleA container with a neck that is narrower than the body and a 'mouth.' Modern wine bottles are nearly always made of glass because it is nonporous, strong, and aesthetically pleasing.
BreathingThe interaction between air and wine after a wine has been opened. Breathing may take place while the wine is decanting.
C.A.Abbreviation seen on Spanish wine labels meaning Cooperativa Agrícola or local co-operative.
Cane pruningCane pruning is when one or two canes from a vine's previous year's growth are cut back to six to fifteen buds which will be the coming growing seasons grape producers.
CantinaItalian term for winery.
Cantina SocialeItalian term for a co-operative
CapsuleThe plastic or foil that covers the cork and part of the neck of a wine bottle.
Carbonic macerationWhole, uncrushed grapes are fermented in a sealed vat containing a layer of carbon dioxide. This results in fruity, soft and distinct red wines. These wines have little tannin and are immediately drinkable. This is the method used throughout France's Beaujolais region.
CaveSee wine cave
Cellar doorThe area of the winery where point of sale purchases occur. This can be a tasting room or a separate sales area.
CépageFrench term for grape variety. When it appears on a wine label it will usually refer to the varietals used to make the wine.
ChaiA wine shed, or other storage place above ground, used for storing casks, common in Bordeaux. Usually different types of wine are kept in separate sheds. The person in charge of vinification and ageing of all wine made at an estate, or the chais of a négociant, is titled a Maître de Chai. The New World counterpart to the chai may be called the barrel hall.
Champagne fluteA piece of stemware having a long stem with a tall, narrow bowl on top.
ChaptalizationThe practice of adding sugar to the grape must prior to fermenting, to compensate for low sugar content in the grapes.
ChâteauGenerally a winery in Bordeaux, although the term is sometimes used for wineries in other parts of the world, such as the Barossa Valley.
ClairetA French term for a wine that falls between the range of a light red wine and a dark rosé
ClaretBritish name for Bordeaux wine. Is also a semi-generic term for a red wine in similar style to that of Bordeaux.
ClassicoAn Italian term for the historical or 'classic' center of a wine region — sometimes located in the heart of a DOC.
CleanskinIn Australia, wine bottled without a commercial label, usually sold cheaply in bulk quantities.
ClimatFrench term for Lieu-dit used in Burgundy for a single plot of land located within a vineyard that has its own name and demonstrated terroir.
Coates Law of MaturityA principle relating to the aging ability of wine that states that a wine will remain at its peak (or optimal) drinking quality for as long as it took to reach the point of maturity. For example, if a wine is drinking at its peak at 1 year of age, it will continue drinking at its peak for another year.
Commercial wineA mass-produced wine aimed for a wide market of consumers made according to a set formula, year after year. These wines tend to emphasis broad appeal and easy drink-ability rather than terroir or craftsmanship.
Cordon trainingA method of vine training. Unlike cane pruning where the trunk itself is the only permanent, inflexible piece of the vine, cordon trained vines have one or two woody arms extending from the top of the trunk. These are then spur pruned.
CorkscrewA tool, comprising a pointed metallic helix attached to a handle, for drawing Corks from bottles.
CôtesFrench term for the hillside or slopes of one contiguous hill region.
CoteauxFrench term for the hillside or slopes of a hill region that is not contiguous.
Country wineA quality level intermediate between table wine and quality wine, which in France is known as vin de pays and in Italy as Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT) . Also a synonym for Fruit wine.
CrémantFrench sparkling wine not made in Champagne region.
CruA French term that literally means 'growth'. May refer to a vineyard or a winery.
Cru BourgeoisA classification of Bordeaux wine estates in the Medoc that were not part of the originally 1855 Bordeaux classification.
Cru ClasséA French term for an officially classified vineyard or winery.
C.S.An Italian abbreviation for Cantina Sociale that appears on wine labels denoting that the wine has been made by a local cooperative.
Cult winesWines for which committed buyers will pay large sums of money because of their desirability and rarity.
CuvaisonThe French term for the period of time during alcoholic fermentation when the wine is in contact with the solid matter such as skin, pips, stalks, in order to extract colour, flavour and tannin. See also maceration.
CuvéeFrench term, meaning vat or tank. On wine labels it is used to denote wine of a specific blend or batch.
CuverieFrench term, along with cuvier that refers to the building or room where fermentation takes place. Essentially, the room, building, grange, barn, garage or shed, or other building, used for 'making wine.' When the grapes are first picked, they arrive at the cuverie.
C.V.Abbreviation for the French term Coopérative de Vignerons that may appear on wine labels to denote that the wine has been made by a local cooperative.
DebourbageRefers to a process in which the must of a white wine is allowed to settle before racking off the wine, this process reduces the need for filtration or fining.
DecantationThe process of pouring wine from its bottle into a decanter to separate the sediment from the wine.
Dessert wineVaries by region. In the UK, a very sweet, low alcohol wine. In the US by law, any wine containing over 15% alcohol.
DO1. The abbreviation for Denominación de Origen, or 'place name'. This is Spain's designation for wines whose name, origin of grapes, grape varieties and other important factors are regulated by law.\\2. The abbreviation for dissolved oxygen, the degree of oxygen saturation in a wine, which strongly affects oxidation of the wine and its ageing properties.
DOCThe abbreviation for Denominazione di Origine Controllata, or 'controlled place name.' This is Italy's designation for wine whose name, origin of grapes, grape varieties and other important factors are regulated by law. It is also the abbreviation for Portugal's highest wine category, which has the same meaning in that country.
DOCGThe abbreviation for Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita, or controlled and guaranteed place name, which is the category for the highest-ranking wine in Italy.
Drip dickeyTrademarked name for a cover that slips over the neck of a wine bottle and absorbs any drips that may run down the bottle after pouring, preventing stains to table cloths, counter tops or other surfaces. The generic term is drip cloth.
Eau de vieFrench term for a grape-derived spirit such as brandy. Its literal translation is 'water of life'
EdelfäuleGerman term for noble rot
EdelkeurSouth African term for noble rot.
EgrappageThe French term for destemming. Destemming is removing stems prior to pressing and fermenting the grapes and their juice. Stems have a significant amount of coarse and often green tannin undesirable in the finished wine.
EinzellageThe smallest geographical unit in German wine law representing a single vineyard.
EisweinGerman for ice wine, a dessert wine made from frozen grapes.
Élevé en fûts de chêneFrench phrase that may appear on wine labels to denote that the wine has been aged in oak barrels.
ÉlevageFrench term for the historical role that negociants play in the winemaking process-roughly translating as 'bringing up' or 'raising' the wine. Traditionally negociants would buy ready made wines after fermentation, blend and then store the wine before bringing them to the market.
En primeurA system commonly associated with Bordeaux wine where the previous year's harvest is available for contract sales several months before the wine will be bottled and release.
EncépagementFrench term for the proportion of grape varieties used in a blend.
Entry-level wineThe wine from a producer's portfolio that is the lowest cost for purchase and offers the most basic quality.
Estate wineryA United States winery license allowing farms to produce and sell wine on-site, sometimes known as a farm winery.
EU lot numberA European Union directive initiated in 1992 that mandates every bottle of wine produced or sold in the European Union to include a designated lot number. This allows identified defective or fraudulent wine to be tracked and removed from circulation more efficiently.
Ex-cellarsRefers to the extra cost associated with buying wines en primeur that may include the cost of shipping to the importer's cellars as well applicable duties and taxes.
Farm wineryA United States & South Africa winery license allowing farms to produce and sell wine on-site.
FiascoThe straw-covered flask historically associated with Chianti.
Fighting varietalA term that originated in California during the mid-1980s to refer to any inexpensive cork-finished varietal wine in a 1.5 liter bottle.
Fine wineThe highest category of wine quality, representing only a very small percentage of worldwide production of wine.
FiningsSubstances added at or near the completion of wine processing, to remove of organic compounds for the purpose of improving clarity or adjusting flavor or aroma.
FlagonA glass bottle that holds two litres of (usually inexpensive) table wine.
Flying winemakerA winemaker who travels extensively across the globe, sharing techniques and technology from one region of the world to another. The term originated with Australian winemakers who would fly to Northern Hemisphere wine regions in Europe and the United States during the August–October harvest time when viticulture in the Southern Hemisphere is relatively quiet.
Fortified wineWine to which alcohol has been added, generally to increase the concentration to a high enough level to prevent fermentation.
French ParadoxAn 1991 episode of the American news program 60 Minutes that documented the low mortality rate from cardiovascular disease among the French who had a high-alcohol, high-cholesterol and low exercise lifestyle in contrast to the high mortality rate among Americans with a relatively lower cholesterol, low alcohol and more exercise lifestyle.
FrizzanteItalian term for a semi-sparkling wine.
FrizzantinoItalian term for a wine that has very slight effervescence, more than a still wine but less than a semi-sparkling. Similar to the French term perlant.
Fruit wineA fermented alcoholic beverage made from non-grape fruit juice which may or may not include the addition of sugar or honey. Fruit wines are always called 'something' wines (e.g., plum wine), since the word wine alone is often legally defined as a beverage made only from grapes.
Globalization of wineRefers to the increasingly international nature of the wine industry, including vineyard management practices, winemaking techniques, wine styles, and wine marketing.
GoonAustralian term for inexpensive box wine.
GraftingA horticultural technique involving inserting tissues of one plant into tissues of another so that they may join together. In viticulture, grafting is often used to combine a grape vine to a more hardy root stock to protect the vine from pests such as phylloxera.
Grande MarqueFrench term for a famous brand of wine, most commonly associated with the large Champagne houses.
Grand cruFrench term for a 'Great growth' or vineyard. In Burgundy, the term is regulated to a define list of Grand cru vineyards.
Grand vinFrench term most often associated with Bordeaux where it denotes a Chateau's premier wine, or 'first wine'. On a wine label, the word's Grand vin may appear to help distinguish the wine from an estate's second or third wine.
GrosslageA German designation for a cluster of vineyards within a Bereich.
HockTerm for Rhine wines, usually used in England.
Horizontal wine tastingA tasting of a group of wines from the same vintage or representing the same style of wine (such as all Pinot noirs from different wineries in a region), as opposed to a vertical tasting which involves of the same wine through different vintages. In a horizontal tasting, keeping wine variety or type and wine region the same helps emphasize differences in winery styles.
Ice wineWine made from frozen grapes. Written, and trademarked as a single word - Icewine - in Canada. Called Eiswein in German.
ImperialA large bottle holding six litres, the equivalent of eight regular wine bottles.
IGTAbbreviation for 'Indicazione Geografica Tipica', the lowest-ranking of the three categories of Italian wine regulated by Italian law.
International varietyGrape varieties grown in nearly every major wine region, for example Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay and Merlot
JeroboamA large bottle holding 3-5 litres, the equivalent of 4-6 regular wine bottles.
Jug wineAmerican term for inexpensive table wine (French: Vin de table).
KabinettA wine designation in Germany (where it is a Prädikat) and Austria.
Kosher wineWine that is produced under the supervision of a rabbi so as to be ritually pure or clean.
LandweinGerman term for a wine slightly above table wines (tafelwine). Similar to a French vin de pays wine.
Late harvest wineAlso known as late picked, wine made from grapes that have been left on the vine longer than usual. Usually an indicator for a very sweet or dessert wine.
Lazy BallerinaThe trellis that a wine grapevine is grown on
LieFrench term for the dead yeast and sediment of wine also known as lees.
Litre (US - Liter)A metric measure of volume equal to 33.8 fluid ounces (U.S.) or 35.2 fl oz (imperial).
Lieu-ditFrench term for a named vineyard site. Usually used in the context of describing individual vineyards below Grand cru status.
LiquoreuxFrench term meaning 'liqueur-like' used for dessert wine with a luscious, almost unctuous quality.
MaderizationOxydation of some types of wines.
MagnumA bottle holding 1.5 litres, the equivalent of two regular wine bottles.
Master of WineA qualification (not an academic degree) conferred by The Institute of Masters of Wine, which is located in the United Kingdom.
May wineA light German wine flavored with sweet woodruff in addition to strawberries or other fruit.
MeadA wine-like alcoholic beverage made of fermented honey and water rather than grape juice.
MeritageOriginally created in California, these blended wines can be summed up as the 'American Bordeaux'. The term is a blend of the words 'merit' and 'heritage' and pronounced the same. The Red blend is made from at least 2 of the 5 Bordeaux grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, and Malbec. The White Meritage is a blend at least 2 of Sauvignon blanc, Sauvignon vert, and Semillon.
MethuselahA large bottle holding six liters, the equivalent of eight regular wine bottles.
Mid palateThe balance of weight, acidity and fruit flavors that are perceived while the wine is still in the tasters mouth and before swallowing
Mis en bouteille au châteauFrench for 'bottled at the winery', usually in Bordeaux.
MoelleuxFrench term usually used for wines of mid-level sweetness or liquoreux.
MonopoleFrench term for an appellation, where all the vineyards in the appellation are under single ownership.
MousseThe sparkling effervescence of a wine. In the glass it perceived as the bubbling but the surface of the glass can affect this perception. Premium quality sparkling wine has a mousse composed of small, persistent string of bubbles.
Mulled wineWine that is spiced, heated, and served as a punch.
NebuchadnezzarA large bottle holding 15 litres, the equivalent of 20 regular wine bottles.
NégociantFrench for 'trader'. A wine merchant who assembles the produce of smaller growers and winemakers and sells the result under its own name.
New World wineWines produced outside of the traditional wine growing areas of Europe and North Africa.
Noble rotA fungal virus brought on by Botrytis cinerea that results in dehydrated and shrivelled grapes that are high in concentrated sugar. Noble Rot grapes are an essential component of many Austrian and German wines.
NoseThe aroma or bouquet of a wine.
OenophileA wine aficionado or connoisseur.
OenologyThe study of aspects of wine and winemaking.
Old World wineWines produced inside of the traditional wine growing areas of Europe and North Africa.
OrganolepticA winetasting term for anything that affects one of the main senses such as smell. An example would be an affliction of the common cold or being in a room with someone wearing an overwhelming amount of perfume.
Petit ChâteauA Bordeaux wine estate that doesn't have any official designation of classification.
PiquantFrench term for a simple, quaffing white wine with pleasing fruit structure and balance of acidity.
Plafond Limité de ClassementAn allowance within the French AOC system that allows producers to exceed the official maximum limit on yields by as much as 20% in warm weather years. Critics such as wine writer Tom Stevenson describes this loophole (also known as 'PLC') as 'legalized cheating'
Plan BordeauxA proposal for enhancing the economic status of the wine industry in Bordeaux.
PlonkBritish English slang for an inexpensive bottle of wine. The term is thought to originate from the French word for white wine, 'blanc'.
PortA sweet fortified wine, which is produced from grapes grown and processed in the Douro region of Portugal. This wine is fortified with the addition of distilled grape spirits in order to boost the alcohol content and stop fermentation thus preserving some of the natural grape sugars. Several imitations are made throughout the world.
PrädikatA wine designation for high quality used in Germany and Austria, based on grape ripeness and must weight. There are several Prädikate ranging from Kabinett (Spätlese in Austria) to Trockenbeerenauslese.
PrädikatsweinThe highest class of wine in the German wine classification, formerly called Qualitätswein mit Prädikat. These wines always display a specific Prädikat on their label.
Premier cruFrench term for a 'First growth'. Used mostly in conjunction with the wines of Burgundy and Champagne where the term is regulated.
Premium winesHigher quality classification of wine above every day drinking table wines. While premium wines maybe very expensive there is no set price point that distinguishes when a wine becomes a 'premium wine.' Premium wines generally have more aging potential than every day quaffing wines.
PuntThe indentation found in the base of a wine bottle. Punt depth is often thought to be related to wine quality, with better quality wines having a deeper punt.
QbAGerman acronym for Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete.
QmPGerman acronym for Qualitätswein mit Prädikat.
QPRAn acronym for Quality-Price Ratio.
QualitätsweinA designation of better quality German wines. When used in isolation on a wine label, it refers to Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete.
Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete (QbA)A designation of better quality German wines from recognized viticultural areas. It formally represents the second-highest level of German wine.
Qualitätswein mit Prädikat (QmP)A former designation of the best quality German wines, since 2007 shortened to Prädikatswein.
Quality-Price Ratio (QPR)A designation for rating wine based on the ratio of its quality and its price. The higher quality and less expensive price a wine has, the better the ratio.
Quaffing wineA simple, everyday drinking wine
QuintaPortuguese term for a wine estate.
RackingA method used in filtering or fining, whereby wine is moved from one barrel to another using gravity rather than a pump.
ReciotoAn Italian sweet wine made from passito grapes.
RedoxThe reductive-oxidative way that wine ages. As one part gains oxygen and becomes oxidized, another part loses oxygen and becomes reduced. Early in its life, a wine will exhibit oxidative aromas and traits due to the relatively recent influence and exposure of oxygen when the wine was barrel aged and/or bottled. As the wine ages and is shut off from a supply of oxygen in the bottle, a mature wine will develop reductive characteristics.
RehoboamA large bottle holding 4.5 litres, the equivalent of six regular wine bottles.
ReservaSpanish and Portuguese term for a reserve wine.
ReserveA term given to wine to indicate that it is of higher quality than usual.
RipassoThe addition of Amarone flavor to Valpolicella wine by allowing the Valpolicella to pass over the drained must of an Amarone on its way to secondary refermentation.
SackAn early English term for what is now called Sherry.
SalmanazarA large bottle holding nine litres, the equivalent of 12 regular wine bottles.
SangriaA tart punch made from red wine along with orange, lemon and apricot juice with added sugar.
SektA sparkling wine manufactured in Germany.
Selection de grains noblesA sweet botrytized wine made in the French region of Alsace
Semi-genericWines made in the United States but named after places that the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau requires be modified by a US name of geographic origin. Examples would be New York Chablis, Napa Valley Burgundy or California Champagne.
SherryA fortified wine that has been subjected to controlled oxidation to produce a distinctive flavor.
SommelierA wine expert who often works in restaurants.
SoutirageFrench term for racking.
Sparkling wineEffervescent wine containing significant levels of carbon dioxide.
SpätleseGerman for 'late harvest'. A Prädikat in Germany and Austria.
SplitA wine bottle that holds approximately 6 oz (175-187 mL) or one-fourth the equivalent of a typical 750 mL bottle, a single-serving.
SpritzigGerman term for a light sparkling wine.
SpumanteItalian for 'sparkling'.
StickiesAn Australian term for a broad category of sweet wines included fortified and botrytized wines.
StrohweinA German word for 'straw wine', same as the French term vin de paille. Refers to a dried grape wine. A Prädikat in Austria.
Super SecondsA term used in relation to lower classified Bordeaux wine estates that come close in quality to the First Growth Bordeaux estates.
Super TuscansA style of Italian wine that became popular in Tuscany in the late 20th century where premium quality wines were produced outside of DOC regulations and sold for high prices with the low level vino da tavola designation.
Table wineGenerally any wine that is not sparkling or fortified. In the US these wines must also be between 7% and 14% alcohol by volume. The term table wine also refers to a wine that is considered a good, everyday drinker.
TafelweinGerman term for table wine.
TalentoAn Italian sparkling wine made according to the traditional method of Champagne--similar to the Spanish term Cava.
TastevinA silver, shallow cup used for tasting wine.
Tasting flightRefers to a selection of wines, usually between three and eight glasses, but sometimes as many as fifty, presented for the purpose of sampling and comparison.
T.B.A.An abbreviation for the German wine Trockenbeerenauslese.
TerroirSpecial characteristics expressed in a wine that result from the interaction of geography, geology, climate, and the plant's genetics.
TransparencyThe ability of a wine to clearly portray all unique aspects of its flavor — fruit, floral, and mineral notes.
TriageA French term referring to the selective picking of grapes, instead of machine harvesting.
TrockenGerman for 'dry'.
TrockenbeerenausleseA German term meaning approximately 'A late harvest of selected dry berries'. A type of German wine made from grapes affected by noble rot. Such grapes can be so rare that it can take a skilled picker a day to gather enough for just one bottle. A Prädikat in Germany and Austria.
TypicityHow well a wine reflects the characteristics of its grape variety and terroir
UCAbbreviation for the French term Union Coopérative denoting a regional or local cooperative.
UllageThe space between the wine and the top of a wine bottle. As a wine ages, the space of ullage will increase as the wine gradually evaporates and seeps through the cork. The winemaking term of 'ullage' refers to the practice of topping off a barrel with extra wine to prevent oxidation.
UnctuousA tasting descriptor to describe a wine that has layers of soft, concentrated, velvety fruits. Unctuous wines are lush, rich, and intense.
UvaggioAn Italian term for a wine that has been blended from several grape varieties-the opposite of a varietal. An example would be a Chianti that is based on Sangiovese but include other grape varieties in the bend.
VarietalWines made from a single grape variety.
VCAbbreviation for the Spanish term vino comarcal denoting a local wine similar to a vin de pays in France.
VDLAbbreviation for the French term vin de liqueur denoting a wine that has been fortified prior to fermentation
VDLTAbbreviation for the Spanish term vino de la tierra denoting a 'country wine' similar to the VDQS system of France.
VDNAbbreviation for the French term vin doux naturel denoting a wine that has been fortified during fermentation.
VDQSAbbreviation for the French Vin Délimité de Qualité Supérieure system that ranks below Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) but above Vin de pays (country wine).
VDTAbbreviation for the Italian term vino da tavola denoting a table wine.
Vendange tardiveFrench term denoting a late harvest wine.
VermouthAn aromatized wine that is made with wormwood and potentially other ingredients.
Vertical wine tastingIn a vertical tasting, different vintages of the same wine type from the same winery are tasted, such as a winery's Pinot noir from five different years. This emphasizes differences between various vintages for a specific wine. In a horizontal tasting, the wines are all from the same vintage but are from different wineries or microclimates.
Vieilles vignesLiterally 'old vines' in French, sometimes written as an acronym V.V. It is worth noting there is no official or legal definition of 'Vieilles vignes' in any of the wine regions of France. It is not a regulated term. Thus, 'Vieilles vignes' can be added to a label by wine makers as they see fit.
VigneronFrench for vine grower.
VignobleFrench term for a 'vineyard'
VinFrench for wine.
ViñaSpanish for vines.
Vin de gardeFrench term for a wine with the potential to improve with age.
Vin de glaceFrench term for an ice wine.
Vin de paysFrench classification system denoting wines that are above vin de table but below VDQS.
Vin de tableFrench term denoting a table wine, the lowest classification of the French AOC system.
ViñedoSpanish for vineyard
VinhoPortuguese for wine.
Vinho regionalThe lowest level of the Portuguese classification system. Similar to a vin de pays.
Vin mousseuxGeneric French term for a sparkling wine.
Vin nouveauFrench term similar to Vin primeur denoting a very young wine meant to be consumed within the same vintage year it was produced. Example: Beaujolais nouveau.
Vin ordinaireFrench term used to denote an 'ordinary wine' as opposed to a premium quality wine.
VinoItalian and Spanish, originally derived from Latin, for wine.
Vino da tavolaItalian term for table wine.
Vino de mesaSpanish term for table wine.
Vino novelloItalian term for a Vin primeur.
VinousA term used to denoting anything relating to wine.
VintageVintage is the process of picking grapes and creating the finished product. A vintage wine is one made from grapes that were all, or primarily, grown and harvested in a single specified year.
Waiter's friendAlso called sommelier knife, a popular type of corkscrew used in the hospitality industry.
WebsterA unit of wine or fortified wine constituting of 1.5L in total.
WeissherbstA German rosé made from only black grape varieties such as Pinot noir.
WineAn alcoholic beverage made from the fermentation of unmodified grape juice.
Wine caveA subterranean structure for storing and aging wine.
Wine fraudAny form of dishonesty in the production or distribution of wine.
Wine labelThe descriptive sticker or signage adhered to the side of a wine bottle.
Wine lakeRefers to the continuing surplus of wine over demand (glut) being produced in the European Union.
Wine tastingThe sensory evaluation of wine, encompassing more than taste, but also mouthfeel, aroma, and colour.
XylemThe woody tissue of a vine, inside of the vascular cambium layer, that includes heartwood and sapwood, which transports water and nutrients from the roots towards the leaves.
YeastA micro-organism present on the skins of grapes that reacts with the sugars inside and results in the production of ethyl alcohol during a process called fermentation.
YieldA measure of the amount of grapes or wine produced per unit surface of vineyard.
TermDefinition

Source: Wikipedia. Glossary of wine terms